Tips to Learn English Speaking In Marathi

This article is a work-in-progress. I am giving you many Tips to Learn English Speaking In Marathi. But I plan to keep on adding to these regularly.

So let’s start with volume of English Speaking tips. These all are small, byte sized tips. The purpose is it is easy to understand small things more than that these are easy to implement so you shall benefit in your English Speaking process.

English Speaking tip 1 –

  1. Just Speak it! ( Like Nike’s Just do it!)
  2. Practice Speaking English.
  3. Watch at least one English more an cable every week.
  4. Learn to listen-properly.
  5. Don’t read National English Newspaper.
  6. Read local English Newspaper.
  7. Watch cartoon Channel in English.
  8. Speak with telecallers in English.
  9. In mobile, keep & listen to English material.
  10. Get on of your friend to do practice.
  11. First, speak about those things you are familiar with.
  12. While traveling keep on thinking about some topic in English.

English Speaking Classes & Courses in Marathi

In one other article, we’ve seen various English speaking books that are available today. But when we try to search for English Speaking Courses in Marathi, then we fine none. Expect our Marathi to English Speaking Home Study Course.

Many times I’ve thought about this. Why there are so many books but not a single course expect mine?

Then one day, surprisingly, the answers came from one of our course users. She send me in email describing why she liked this English Speaking Course; what she learned & how she has improved her speaking.

Some of her points were fallows –

  1. In all English speaking books I’ve purchased, total focus & emphasis was on grammar. How to use grammatical rules etc.

This is kind of an easy job. Take any rule, give some examples & ask the reader to do it.

But this is not teaching How to speak English.

This is all about how to write grammatical English & improve your grammatical skills. yours is the real course I’ve found that actually on ‘How to use all this knowledge while Speaking with others.

You’ve not written book; you’ve created a course. And frankly I had all this knowledge, but I never knew how to use very unique methods you’ve given does teach people how to actually Speak in English”

After reading this part of the email, I was pleasantly surprised. because this is exactly what I had in my mind when I created this 1st English speaking Course in Marathi.

This will actually teach you how to take the knowledge you have of English Language & concert it into English Speaking. When you start speaking I feel that purpose is fulfilled in creating this English Speaking Course in Marathi language.

Fundamental Concepts to Learn English Speaking

Here we shall see the Learn English Speaking most important thing that is required for Learn English Speaking. If you have everything else but do to passes this then you will find it VERY difficult to Learn English Speaking.

And I am going to reveal this fundamental concept to you right here, right now. But before that you must understand a couple of things. Because these are essential.

One, I am telling you this from my own experience & my experiments while teaching learning English Speaking my way is not THE ONLY way. There might be many other ways by which people learn to speak English. I don’t know about any other thing that helps you, as much as the concept I am going to reveal. So either you can take it or you can leave it.

Secondly, remember that most basic, most fundamental & moat important things are simple! Always. So you must believe in me when I am telling you that this is THE fundamental concept everyone must master to speak English.

Now before revealing the ultimate factor is speaking English, Let’s take a quiz. I’ll ask you questions & see if you can guess the correct answer to it.

I have listed 5 things below. You have to chose one fundamental thing that is necessary for you to speak English with anyone anywhere.

Be careful.

And remember that 99% of people make mistake in closing the right answer to this question. So let’s see, if you get it right or not.

You have to pick one thing. Here’s the list –

  1. perfect Grammar –
  2. Confidence to Speak –
  3. Practice in Speaking –
  4. Good reading –
  5. Proper Education is school/college –

So Here are the five things. And only one of these in critical for you Learn English Speaking.

Which one is it?

Take a piece of paper & write your answer on it. OR simply keep it in your mind.

It’s time to reveal the most fundamental thing needed for Learn English Speaking.

If you guessed that it no.5, or no.3, then you are wrong.

It is the confidence to speak. This is the answer to all of your Learn English Speaking Problems.

Just try to have everything except confidence. And you’ll find that you don’t or you can’t Speak. But if you have confidence then even though your grammar is NOT perfect, still you could Speak in English with others.

I am assuming here that you do have basic knowledge of English language. So once you have it, then confidence is the thing that helps you greatly in speaking English.

Always remember that.

Benefits of English Speaking Course

India is developing country but compared to other countries in the world. English is used at very big level. In government works, in private sectors, education & business everywhere English is used extensively.

Maharashtra is one of the leading state in India. The rate with which it is growing is really astonishing. So obviously English is used in every sector. In the past, it was matter of pride if you could speak in English. But now since last many years it has become the necessity. Because if you cannot converse or communicate verbally in English. Then you have great many disadvantages. You are bound to lose many opportunities. Many-a-times, your career halts because of your inability to speak in English.

But there is very bright side also to this. If & when you learn English Speaking & start using it is your conversation, in your profession & in your daily life, you start enjoying the benefits. Here we are going to see only few of the major benefits that you get by being able to speak in English in state of Maharashtrian.

The very first benefit we enjoy is indirectly related to our careers. Because of internet, the whole world has come very close. In the past if one wanted to give interview in another city, he had to travel physically to that particular city. But if you are really good in English Speaking, then you can do the same interview from your home through internet. And if everything is at per, then your ability to communicate in English separates you from other competing candidates. And only based a that you can get good job opportunity.

The second benefit is lots & lots of opportunities come your way if you are good in English Speaking. Even though you living in some abuser village, but because of your communication skills in English, you can work for any national or even multinational company, many software, 17, India companies are hiring local talented people. These companies want them to work from their homes in their own towns or cities. In fact many companies are encouraging this trend. The only catch is your English communication bath written & verbal must be good. If you fit in hat criteria, then you are ready to English Speaking Course.

The third benefit you can enjoy greatly if you want to work as a free lancer. So many people now are working from their homes as Free lancer that it is really surprising. But again only on one condition your English communication & English Speaking Course. But if you are good at it, then whole world becomes your market-place.

These are the three major benefits you get by being able to Speak in English. When you are living in Maharashtra.

Losses Of Not being able to Speak in English

English has become a major language force in today’s world. It’s true that every country has it’s own language & derivatives, but one can not done & ignore the importance of English. If one can read & write English, that is not enough. He must be able to Speak in English.

Here we shall see what losses we have to face if we can’t speak in English confidently. In India, English has become major language in Higher Educational studies. It is the only language in which all fallowing field’s knowledge is available –

  • medical
  • Engineering
  • Computer software
  • Computer Hardware
  • Bio-Technology

So if we can’t Speak in English, then a daily, we face problems. When every other person is Speaking in English & you are not, then it creates many problematic situations for you. You can’t communicate & express your thoughts & ideas with others effectively. So the end result is that others think you lack the knowledge. That results in lack of progress for your career. It kind of get stalled. Because in today’s world perception is everything.

If people think of you as a good presenter with lots of ideas, then your progress becomes much smoother & faster. When they think you don’t have knowledge or you cannot present your knowledge, then your progress becomes slower, much slower.

Second major loss you have to face is less of your confidence. It’s kind of vicious cycle.

  • You don’t have confidence,
  • So you don’t Speak.&
  • Therefore you don’t get confidence And it keeps on going.

The worst part is this lack of confidence penetrates into other areas of your areas. You start facing problems in professional, social & personal life, too. You get detached from your successful colleagues & friends. Because you can’t use the language that they use so easily. Your social circle get limited to only those who speak your language.

Automatically it put limits on the growth you are going to achieve in your life & career.

Many a times, your personal life get affected. You become more irritated & ideal us of others. You think that you deserve that success & that promotion. But your collogues got that. And you keep on resending that fact.

If you really decide then you can stop all these things occurring in your life. By learning to Speak English confidently. Work on it. It will take 3-6 months if you have basic knowledge of the language. Initially you may have to work harder. But as you will start at Speaking, You’ll feel good.

So if you want to avoid all above mentioned losses, then start learning English Speaking today.

How much grammar you must know for Spoken English

English has become a prominent Language of communication in India. In state of Maharashtra, too, it has been actively penetrating areas. even though Marathi Speaking will never go away, Maharashtrian people are paying the much needed attention in developing their English Speaking ability. Here, we’ll see what are the basic things you need to speak in English confident.

The very first thing is obviously knowledge of Spoken English. This includes some essential Spoken English Grammar. Because grammar helps in structuring the sentences together. Many Marathi Speaking people have wrong impression that their grammar should be perfect and only then they should speak in English. Because of this misconception most of them never try to use English for their verbal communication.

This situation is really sad. All these people have very good reading & writing skills. If you ask them to read or write anything on any topic, you will be surprised with the results. That’s how good they are!

But ask them to reply to a simple question in English and again you’ll be surprised. They won’t be able to answer.

Their happens because of their over emphasis on being perfect in grammar. Don’t get me wrong. Grammar is very essential. It is base of any language in cluding English. So everyone who wants to speak in English must know & understand it.

The problem starts occurring when the person under importance to error less grammar. It grows to such a level that he becomes paralyzed because of it. Instead of getting help from his existing knowledge of grammar, he focuses on those parts which he is not getting right. So the ultimate result is he avoids Speaking in English.

There is a solution this nagging problem. It has worked for me and thousands of others, who wanted to Speak English confidently. Most probably it should work for you, too. But you must implement & take action on the things that I am going to share with you here, today.

If you don’t know any part of Spoken English grammar, then first thing you need to do is learn it. Take any elementary grammar book & study it.

Within a month, you will have good grasp of the main & broad parts of English grammar.

Practice the various exercises given in that book. I hope you can get such book easily almost anywhere.

Once you get quite proficient in basic concepts, then focus on using that knowledge in understanding structure of sentences.

After all, when we Speak it is collection of small or long sentences. The more you focus on improving your sentence structure, the faster you’ll reach to your goal of Speaking confidently in English.

Do this. Take action.

Why People Face Problems While Speaking English?

There are mainly three major reasons people hesitate or avoid Speaking English in using their spoken conversation. Reading and writing is very fine with them. But when the question comes while talking with others in English, then they do speak hesitantly or shut up altogether. We are talking particularly about people in state of Maharashtra in India.

Although English is worldwide language, still there are large numbers of people who find it very difficult speaking English. Especially in state of Maharashtra people where Marathi is the main language. Here we are going to discuss various reasons for it.

  • The first reason is lack of confidence. Believe me, this is the problem that is faced by majority of the people. I am assuming here that these people are having basic knowledge English language. Even after having good knowledge of English, confidence is what stops them from doing the conversations in this language.
  • Once people develop the confidence that they can speak, then they actually start speaking in English. Once this problem is overcome, then other things simply fall in place and these people find it easy to speak in English.
  • The second reason is insufficient vocabulary of English. In schools & colleges we learn lots of English speaking words. But those are not sufficient, because Speaking English is not our first language. Most of the times we learn it as third or second language after Marathi. So naturally the number of words we have in our vocabulary are not enough.
  • After school, we mostly stop learning new words. Because by that time we have good enough vocabulary. And using that we can read and write. So unless we purposely work on improving our vocabulary, we face lots of problems as we proceed further on our career track.
  • The third reason people face problems is not having enough exposure to English language – in terms of hearing & speaking. What we do is we read a lot & few of us write a lot. But beyond that we do not get exposure to the language. We must keep on watching and listening English more and more. That definitely helps us in improving our skill of using Speaking English.

Everyone who is having problems in speaking English can improve their ability by focusing on these three major or core issues. Once you start working on these you will see exponential improvement in your communication.

So just try to solve these three issues and you will see great improvements in your English speaking ability.

Good English Communication

“Learn, Improve & Use Good English in Your Daily Compositions in Writing & Speaking”

 

Good English Communication – writing & speaking

For advanced English users, this is a must have course. You’ll Learn in this course –
?    How to be interesting
?    How to be clear in communication
?    How to be convincing &
?    How to be thorough

Through these 4 categories, you’ll learn good English in a totally different way.

You’ll definitely benefit from it, but you’ll enjoy it, too!

Get this today.

4 Manual + 12 Audio CDs
Price – Rs, 1,970/-

997 Most Common Mistakes in English

“Do You Make Any of These 997 Mistakes Any of in English Speaking & Writing?”

  997 Most common mistakes in English Done by almost all but few Anyone can learn English. But it takes years of practice & study to speak & wright in elegant English. Most important way to achieve this is by avoiding the common mistakes in English done by almost EVERYBODY. Even if you do nothing else than reading & using this, Your English will be far superior to almost all in your professional circle. So do you want to be elegant in spoken & written English? Get this today.

1 Manual + 2 Audio CDs Price – Rs, 670/-

497 Mistakes in Spoken English

“Do You Carelessly Misuse Wrong Words While Speaking or Writing in English?

  497 Mistakes in Spoken English & how to avoid them. If you are careless in using words, the results are always same – you lose an edge! Don’t let that happen with you. Always use better & proper English. Learn these 497 Daily mistakes; avoid them & become part of an elite English users group. This will show you difference between good English & fine/ elegant English. This is for Advanced English Students. Get this today. Price – Rs, 470/-

Business English – For Written & Oral Business Communication

“What is Business English?”.

 

There is no such thing as Business English. English is English is English. Use it anywhere. But when it comes to business, certain thing changes. Business itself is complex. Business communication even more!

To use English language effectively, you must learn it properly. That is the purpose of this course. You’ll learn – ?    Some interesting words & how to use them ?    Improving your pronunciation ?    Similar words but different meanings ?    More that 107 exercises to practice ?    How to impress others with proper English. ?    Easy to learn spelling rules ?    Situational English – Through various Business situations ?    The easiest way to understand 100s of words in a minute ?    How to write so that others do what you ?    Want them to do & many more things. Strictly for Business people, Executives & Managers Get this today.

2 Manual + 8 Audio CDs Price – Rs, 1,970

 

Spelling Challenge 2

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it.

 

Spelling Challenge 2acroread

Download as PDF[

 

Spelling Challenge 1

Vocabulary Builder

Spelling Challenge Get English Spelling Challenge and make your English Vocabulary.These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it

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Confident Grammar

Confident Grammar

Price – Rs. 970/-

Forget all your worries & use Grammar confidently.

We all worry about grammar. “Am I using it properly or not? “or “ What if I make a grammatical mistake & others will laugh at me?”

Now you can forget about all this!

Presenting Confident Grammar

The Confident Grammar course is designed specially

-          To help you understand purpose of grammar in English language

-          To help you reduce grammatical mistakes. &

-          Use grammar confidently while speaking in English.

This is what you want, right?

Content of the course –

  1. Myths of Grammar Part 1.
  2. Prepositions.
  3. Pronouns.
  4. Auxiliary Verbs

Part 2 Tense

  1. Simple Present Tense.
  2. Simple Past Tense.
  3. Simple Future Tense.
  4. Continuous Present Tense.
  5. Continuous Past Tense.
  6. Continuous Future Tense.
  7. Have – Has – Had.

Part 3

  1. Big Sentences
  2. Auxiliary Questions
  3. Wh-Questions
  4. Perfect Present Tense
  5. Perfect Past Tense
  6. Perfect Future Tense
  7. Perfect Continuous Present Tense
  8. Perfect Continuous Past Tense

 

English speaking secret Tails

English speaking secret Tails

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary
Learn here English speaking Secret Tails.This is Article Part 1 of English speaking Secret Tails

Secret Trails - 2

 

English speaking secret Tails 1

English speaking secret Tails

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary
Learn here English speaking Secret Tails.This is Article Part 1 of English speaking Secret Tails

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Secret Trails - 1

 

English Punctuation 2

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.
Learn English Punctuation .this is part 2 of English punctuation

Punctuation 2

 

English Punctuation 1

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time.
It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.
Learn English Punctuation .this is part 1 of English punctuation.by marathi to english speaking.

Try it.Punctuation 1

English Missing letter 2

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.
English Missing letter

Try it.Missing Letter 2

acroread

Download as PDF English Missing letter These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.of English Missing letter 2

Missing Letter 1

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it.Missing Letter 1[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_column_text]acroread

Download as PDF English Missing letter These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.Part 1

English Crossword 2

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it.Crossword 2
acroread

Download English Crossword List part 2 as PDF These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

English Crossword 1

Vocabulary Builder

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it.Crossword 1acroread

Download English Crossword 1 as PDF
1. Glasses, bowls, and plates are all ______.

2. You have a pair of these, on the sides of your
head.
3. You can go there to see clowns, acrobats, and
animals.

4. Traveling by boat or ship.
5. A building where travelers can pay for lodging and
meals and other services.
6. To give consent.

7. Sit and travel on the back of animal, usually while
controlling its motions.
8. Seemingly uninterrupted.

9. “They ___ not going to win the game.”
10. The supports for a piece of furniture.
11. English, French, and Spanish are examples of
this.

12. The mother of your father or mother.

13. Tables, couches, and chairs are all types of this.
14. “That new movie is going to be ______ than life!”

15. “To be the winner in a contest or competition,
you must have ______ the game.”
16. Any solid substance that is used as a source of
nourishment.
17. Very attractive; capturing interest; “There was
something inexpressibly ______ in his manner.”

18. A business that serves other businesses.
19. A small house with a single story.

20. Plural form of “pup.”

21. Before a dog can bury his bone, he must first
______ a hole.
22. By bad luck.
23. You have eight of these and two thumbs.
24. Past tense of “shoot.”
DOWN

Confident English Speaking in 4 Easy Steps

Confident English Speaking in 4 Easy Steps

Price – Rs.970/-

First let me be very clear

“What are you interested in?

A) Follow all Grammar But don’t Speak? OR

B) Follow necessary Grammar AND speak English Confidently?

If you want to do 2nd i.e. “Fallow Necessary Grammar AND speak English confidently”, then this course is for you.

It will teach you –

– How to speak confidently in English in 4 Easy Steps

– How to speak with ANYBODY, ANYWHERE – without fear

– 4 things (ONLY 4 things), you need to speak in English

– Why you can’t Speak in English – even after studying for 5-8 years?

– The most important thing – confidence

– “How To Think in English”

I guarantee that after going through this course, your life will change!

Vocabulary With Fun

Vocabulary With Fun

Build Your Word Power While enjoying the Learning

Price – Rs. 970/-

“Dictionary”

That’s the first thing that comes to our mind when we think of building Vocabulary. And we all know how much we enjoy reading Dictionary!

That’s why. I’ve created ‘Vocabulary with Fun’.

You’ll enjoy going through this & learn new words at the same time.

It’s NOT Boring! No sir!

Just look at the ‘Vocabulary Builders’ modules & you’ll see why this great for everyone who wants to build their vocabulary.

Content –

Part 1-

1700 Most commonly used words – Print

1700 Most commonly used words – Audio CD

Part 2 – Pronunciation Power

17,000 words with proper pronunciation – Indian Accent

17,000 words with proper pronunciation – American Accent

Part 3 – (The fun part) – 10 exercises Each – 50 Exercises

1) Crossword Vocabulary Book

2) Spelling Hint Vocabulary Book

3) Hidden Letters Vocabulary Book

4) Word Search Vocabulary Book

5) Word Jumble Vocabulary Book

Vocabulary Building Activities

Vocabulary Building Activities

These exercises are fun & effective at the same time. It will definitely help you in improving Your Vocabulary.

Try it.

Punctuation Practice

All of the capital letters, periods and commas have been removed from the text blow. Use your red correction pen to write the capital letters, periods and commas where they belong. The answer bank at the end of the text shows how many capital letters, periods and commas have been removed from the text.

the ant and the grasshopper

in a field one summer’s day a grasshopper was hopping about chirping and singing to its heart’s content an ant passed by bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest

“why not come and chat with me” said the grasshopper “instead of toiling and moiling in that way?”

“i am helping to lay up food for the winter” said the ant “and recommend you to do the same”

“why bother about winter?” said the grasshopper; we have got plenty of food at present” but the ant went on its way and continued its toil when the winter came the grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer then the grasshopper knew: it is best to prepare for the days of necessity

7 (.) 20 (ABC) 7 (,)

Which dictionary to chose – English Marathi or Marathi English?

Which dictionary to chose – English Marathi or Marathi English?

Most of us ( from Marathi medium school),see our first Dictionary, when we go to 5th standard. At least, it was when I first saw dictionary. The first Dictionary I got was K B Virkar’s English Marathi Dictionary.

And I am very sure, most of you have got same one. There is possibility that the publisher is different. But the format must be same – English Marathi.

Normally, we use it a lot in the first year or two, & then stop using it. Have you ever thought that – Why we do not refer that Dictionary more often? Now?

I’ll tell you the reason. It will be shocking to you. We don’t use it because . . .

. . . it was WRONG Dictionary for us!

But nobody told us that & nobody will tell you – except me. Because very few people are even aware of this thing – and that includes our English teachers,also.

You see, that Dictionary is for the people who already know & understand & speak English language. It is for English Speaking people – who want to learn Marathi.

You don’t believe me? OK. I’ll prove it to you.

Open your old English Marathi Dictionary & go through initial pages. I am talking about those pages where they tell us about – how to use it.

Read it carefully. There somewhere you will find a single line mention such as – ” . . . & this will help you inunderstanding & learning Marathi language better.” Or something along this line.

So what does this mean?

Simply, that English Marathi Dictionary is not for us – if want to learn English Speaking. Or better yet – it is not for us if we want to learn Marathi to English Speaking. It is for those who wants to learn Marathi.

So you may ask – then ” Which dictionary should I use?”

The answer to that is use some good Marathi English Dictionary. Because then you’ll be able to find ALL those words which you know in Marathi but you don’t know in English. I have listed few on the additional resources page.

Infact, in our 1st English Speaking Home Study Course, I have included hundreds of commonly used words. I have given them in audio format also. So that you can listen them & learn them much fsater – just like the musical songs.

Rajesh Gurule

HOW TO EXPRESS NUMBERS WHEN YOU ARE USING ENGLISH?

HOW TO EXPRESS NUMBERS WHEN YOU ARE USING ENGLISH?

In ordinary writing in which numbers do not occur frequently, spell all amounts from one to one hundred inclusive, and also round numbers.
1. There are eighty-three people in our employ.
2. The paper contained one hundred signatures.
Note, however, that in writing numbers of five or more digits in the thousands it is preferable to use figures whenever it would be awkward to spell them. For example,you should express twenty-one thousand in words, but 21,512 in figures.
The following special rules will be found helpful:
1. Spell numbers or signs beginning a sentence or immediately following a colon. In such cases, if you prefer, you may change the arrangement of the sentence.
1. Seventy-five dollars is too much.
2. Plus and minus sometimes occur together in algebra. (Not 4- and — .)
3. Fifty or sixty orders were received. (Not Fifty or 60 orders were received.”)
2. When two numbers occur together, express one of them in words — thus :
1. Ten 5-room cottages.
2. Seven 8-inch guns.
3. 150 Fifth Avenue.
3. Express in words the time of day. In time-tables, however, figures are used.
1. Eight-thirty.
2. Ten o’clock.
If associated with several other sums, use figures.
Fifty rupees was the admission fee.
5. Express ages in words.
The secretary was fifty years of age.

In writing that involves the frequent enumeration of weights, measures, distances, sums of monty, dates, degrees, percentages, proportions, stocks and bonds, etc., figures are much more freely used.

This applies especially to adjustment letters, collection letters, order letters, contracts, and to statistics of any kind. The following special rules should prove helpful:
1. Express dates in figures, but spell the month.
June 25, 1921. (Not 6/25/21)
2. Express in figures street numbers and house numbers.
1014 N. 10 Street.

4. Express per cents, degrees, and ratios in figures.
1.7 per cent interest.
2. Longitude 70° 05′ 08” E.
3. The ratio is 3 to 5.

5. Express in figures a list of articles such as may occur in inquiries or statements about them.
Please send 3 doz. not. 36 shirts.

As I said, do not get overwhelmed with this grammar part. But if you are already confident about it, then be sure to read other articles in this series.

Rajesh Gurule

Shall AND Will – Two of the most confused words while speaking in English

Shall AND Will – Two of the most confused words while speaking in English

In the course, I have given the MOST simplistic way to use shall and will. But still I get emails or letters from course users, who ask about using these 2 words correctly.

For all of you, here is the explanation. But I’ll still stick to what I said in our Marathi 2 English SPeaking Home Study Course.

A careful examination  reveals the fact that shall and will are used not only with great frequency but in
nearly every case correctly.

In oral speech perhaps even the most careful business men do not always distinguish between shall and will, but they are careful to do so in written speech. No good business person would desire to employ a stenographer who does not know how to use shall and will correctly.

There is nothing in the practical usage of these words which you cannot easily learn. In this article you will find the explanations and illustrations made very easy.

When you wish merely to express future time, use shall with I and we. The word is correctly used in the following sentences:
1. We shall welcome future orders from you.
2. We shall be glad to hear from you in a few days that our terms are satisfactory.
3. I shall he pleased to meet your representative and talk the matter over with him.
4. I shall he delighted to see you.

If you wish to express a promise or to show that you are determined to do something, use will with / and we.

Thus ” I will ” is the natural and correct way to say, “ I  am willing.’ ” I promise,” or ” I have made up my mind.”

Note the correct use of will in these sentences:
1. Send the bookcase back, and we will refund your money.
2. We will extend your credit from thirty to sixty days.
3. If shipment has not already been made, we will see that the cabinet goes forward just as soon as possible.
4. The goods reached us in damaged condition, and unless you replace them we will place no more orders with your house.
5. I will send a tracer at once.

Do not say, ” I will he pleased to call at your office for a personal interview ” or “I will he glad to meet your cousin.”
In such sentences you are not making a promise or even expressing determination, for certainly nobody
would promise or express a determination to be pleased or to be glad.

Remember that the correct expressions are these: ” I shall he pleased ” and ” I shall he glad.”

In questions always use shall with I and we. Remember to say, ”Shall I? ” or ”Shall we?”
Note the following illustrations –
:
1. Shall I answer the telegram from the Company?
2. Shall we address the letters to the company or to you personally?

You have already learned that you should use shall with- I and we to express future time. With all other subjects, however, you should use will to express future time. The term ” all other subjects ” includes you, he, she, it, Manisha, people, etc.
Note carefully the use of will in the following sentences:
1. You will be pleased with these tires.
2. It will require three months to finish the course in business English.
3. The enclosed card when properly filled out will bring you our catalog.

If you wish to express determination that someone else shall do a thing, you should use shall instead of will with all subjects but I and we. A promise is expressed in the same way.

The meaning is usually very clear. Note carefully the following illustrations:
1. They shall not pass. (Determination.)
2. You shall have your orders in the future. (Promise.)
3. If he will return the wheel, he shall have an exact duplicate*. (Promise.)

In questions, when any subject other than I or we is used, choose the word that would occur in the answer.
In this case you would have to pause a moment to think what the answer would be; then the difficulty quickly disappears.

Note carefully the following illustrations:
1. Will you file these letters? I will. (Promise in the answer.)
2. Shall you welcome future orders from them? We shall welcome them.
3. If you do not finish your work, what excuse shall you give? I shall give none.

Should and would are, in general, used like shall and will, being the past tense forms of these verbs.

Would may also be used to express habitual action — as, ” The secretary would sit for hours at his desk.” Both should and would are frequently used by business men and others in so-called softened statements — as, ” I should advise an early settlement ” or “I should like to suggest a better plan of adjustment.”

Finally, should is often used to express duty or obligation — as, ” We believe that you should make a small payment at least each month.”

In clauses introduced by that, expressed or understood, when the subject is different from that in the principal statement, the same auxihary should be used that would be employed if the clause were made a separate sentence — for example,

” Harish says that I will find my new work interesting.”

Here will is the correct word, because if the clause were made an independent sentence, it would
be stated as follows: ” Harish said,” You will find your new work interesting.”

So now you know when to use shall and when to use will. Now go & speak with somebody in English.

As I said, do not get overwhelmed with this grammar part. But if you are already confident about it, then be sure to read other articles in this series.

Rajesh Gurule

How to use English plurals

How to use English plurals while speaking in English in business situations

This article shall help you in understanding how to use English plurals in business situations while speaking in English.
A careful examination of a bundle of discarded  communications letters revealed a number of flagrant errors in the formation of plurals. Fortunately, these mistakes were of only a few kinds.

By far the greatest number was found in the use of certain words that every successful stenographer
or bookkeeper should know. In this article, then, you will be required to study only those forms that will likely be useful in your future work.

In general, nouns form their plurals by the addition of s or es to the singular.

Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant change y to i and add es. The word lady, belonging to this class, seems to cause more trouble than almost any other. You may rightly say a lady’s hat, or even a lady’s hats, if you are thinking of but one person; but if you are thinking of more than one, you should write ladies’ hats.

Most nouns ending in i or f change f to v and add es — as, knife, knives; shelf, shelves. There are, however, a few belonging to this class that add merely s.

As they are very frequently used, you should make an effort to remember them. The chief ones are brief, chief, gulf, proof, and scarf.

Nouns ending in o cause much trouble. Perhaps this simple rule will help a great deal: If a consonant precedes the o, add es — as, cargo, cargoes; potato, potatoes. There are of course some exceptions which must be carefully committed to memory. These include the following: solos, albinos, banjos, dynamos, pianos, porticos, provisos, tobaccos, twos, zeros.

Compound nouns cause little difficulty, and need cause none if you remember that each consists of two parts — a principal word and a word or words that describe the principal word. All that is required, therefore, is that you make the principal word plural — as, car-loads, brothers-in-law.
In compounds written solid — that is, without a hyphen —make the ending plural — as, bucketfuls, cupfuls, handfuls, spoonfuls. If, however, you desire to say that there is more than one bucket or cup, you should write the expressions thus: buckets full, cups full, etc.

Occasionally you will want to use the plural of a letter, figure, or sign. In this case merely add the apostrophe and s — as, bs, 5’s, $’s.

In correspondence you will doubtless be puzzled at times to know how to form the plural when titles are involved.
To form the plural of military titles you should generally add s at the last — as, major generals. In the case of civil titles, however, you should generally add s to the first part — as, attorneys general.
The words goods, assets, and proceeds are used frequently in business. They always require plural verbs.

The names of certain sciences —physics, ethics, and mathematics — end in s, but they are nevertheless singular.

Business ethics was studied by every member of the firm.

The expressions two dozen, three score  are very often used. Remember that dozen, score  and
a few other words of this kind do not require the addition of s when preceded by a numeral.

In order letters the word pair is sometimes used instead of pairs. This is incorrect. The word pairs should always be used — as, three pairs of socks.

So that is what you need to know about using plurals while speaking in English. Refer other articles also to improve your confidence about this.

As I said, do not get overwhelmed with this grammar part. But if you are already confident about it, then be sure to read other articles in this series.

Rajesh Gurule

Essential Essential English grammar -1

Essential English grammar for English Grammar speaking series- Part 1

I normally do not emphasize on the grammar. Infact, I always say that grammar is not that important for english speaking.

But here I am going to talk about grammar part. This part is mainly for those who are already speaking. If you have not yet followed my advice and using our Marathi 2 English Speaking Course, then pl do skip this article.

A noun is the name of a person, place, or thing—as, Amitabh Bachhan, Mumbai, pencil. A noun may also name an
idea, a quality, or an action. Such names as beauty, noise,odor, and pain express ideas that one gains through the senses. Names of qualities include such words as honesty.

While names of actions comprise hundreds of words like counting, filing, writing.

Pronoun
A pronoun is a word that is used instead of a noun.
Pronouns are classified as follows:
Personal pronouns: I, you, he, she, it, we and they.

Relative pronouns: who, which, that, and what.

Interrogative pronouns: who, which, and what.

Demonstrative pronouns: this and that, and the plurals these and those.

Indefinite pronouns: one, any, anyone, someone, none, each, both, another, etc.

Reciprocal pronouns: each other, one another.

Compound personal pronouns: myself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, himself, herself, themselves, and itself.

Verb
A verb is a word that asserts — as, ” Business men work.”

Sometimes a group of words, called a verb phrase, is used to make an assertion. Such a phrase consists of a principal verb and one or more helping words, called auxiliary verbs.

The auxiliary verbs include the various forms of the verbs be (is, am, are, was, were, has been, have been), may, can, must, might, could, would, should, will, shall, ought, have, do, and did.

The following sentences contain verb phrases –

1. Your order will receive prompt attention.
2. We shall he glad to hear from you in a few days.
3. Our draft has been returned.

An adjective –
An adjective is a word that modifies a noun or a pronoun.

An adverb –
An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective,
or another adverb. The following sentences contain adverbs:
1. You are cordially invited to be present at a Private Exhibition of our new spring hats.
2. We were extremely sorry to learn from your letter of April 4 that the table was damaged.
3. We will very gladly take back the two coats.

An adverb answers the question when? where? why? how? how many? or how much?

The words how, when, where, and why are sometimes used in asking questions, and in
such cases are called interrogative adverbs.

A preposition –
A preposition is a word that is used to show the relation between a noun or a pronoun and some other word in the sentence — as, ” Our draft of November 10 has been returned to us.”

A conjunction –
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, or clauses. These sentences illustrate the three uses:
1. Manufacturers and wholesalers allow credits varying from ten to ninety days.
2. The business envelope bears in its upper left-hand corner or on the flap the name and address of the house.
3. Some business houses prefer to have all letters single spaced, hut others prefer to have them double spaced.

To determine what part of speech a word is, therefore, you must answer the question,How is it used in the sentence?
It will be necessary also in this lesson to review briefly sentence, clause, and phrase.

A sentence is the expression of a complete thought in words. The simplest sentence must necessarily have a subject, the word or expression that names the person, thing, idea, quality, or action about which an assertion is made, and a predicate, the word or words that say something about the subject.

In the sentence, ” The customer paid cash for the goods,” the subject is The customer and the predicate paid cash for the goods, of which paid is the verb.

Some sentences also contain an object, that is, a word or group of words that completes the  meaning of the verb and tells what is acted upon,—as,  ”The salesman broke his pencil. ”

Here pencil is the object of broke.

Simple sentences become more complex as modifiers — words, phrases, and clauses — are added.

A phrase is a group of words that does not have a subject and predicate. It generally consists of a preposition and its object, or of an infinitive or participle and its object.

The following sentences contain phrases:
1. The president of the company resigned.
2. The man wanted to study salesmanship.
3. The bond, torn to pieces, was found in the waste basket.

As I said, do not get overwhelmed with this grammar part. But if you are already confident about it, then be sure to read other articles in this series.

Rajesh Gurule

Similar Adjectives and Adverbs

Similar Adjectives and Adverbs Distinguished

Since every person should acquire an accurate and varied vocabulary, your attention is again directed to the study of certain words commonly misused. It is, of course, impossible to present here a complete list of similar words.

They constitute a study of importance and would require a large book. The intention of the lesson is to present a few of the most common illustrations and to show how such words can be studied, with the aid of a good dictionary.

All definitions are taken from the New Standard Dictionary. ContinuaL Renewed in regular succession; oft’en repeated; very frequent — as, continual interruptions.”
Continuous. Connected, extended, or prolonged without separation or interruption of sequence; unbroken; uninterrupted; unintermitted.

Continuous describes that which is absolutely without pause; continual, that which often intermits, but as regularly begins again.
1. Continual interruptions made it impossible to complete the work according to contract.

2. Mr. Johnson’s connections with this concern have covered fifteen years of continuous service.
FEW, LESS Few. Small or limited in number; not many; only a small number of. . Less. I. Smaller, as in capacity, quantity, or scope; not so large, great, or much; used as the comparative of little — as, ‘Hess time.”

2. Lacking full number or quantity; smaller by subtraction or omission — as, ”a year less a month.” 3. Of smaller import, of slighter consequence; inferior. use few when speaking of numbers; less, when speaking of capacity,  quantity, or scope.

1. We have received fewer orders than usual. (Do not say less orders unless you wish to indicate their size rather than the number of them.)

2. There is less demand for cotton goods than there was a year ago.GRAND, SPLENDID Grand, i. Of imposing character or aspect; magnificent in proportion, extent, or belongings — as, ”grand scenery “; “a grand palace.”

2. Characterized by striking excellence or impressive dignity; inspiring—as, ‘ ‘a. grand idea ” ; “a grand oration. ” 3 . Preeminent by reason of great abihty or high character; noble; worthy of exalted
respect — as, “the grand old man.” Splendid, i. Giving out or reflecting brilliant light; brightly
shining; glittering.

2. Magnificent; imposing; gorgeous — as, “a. splendid pageant.” 3. Inspiring the imagination or causing emotions of great admiration; illustrfous; grand; glorious; heroic — as,
“splendid achievement.” The foregoing definitions make clear the distinction in meaning between these words. You should not allow yourselves to fall into the habit of speaking of everything that pleases you as grand or splendid, though sometimes either is correct. These words are correctly used in the following expressions

1. grand jury i. splendid display
2. grand review of troops 2. splendid necklaces
3. grand cathedral 3. splendid pageant
4. grand opera 4. splendid parade
5. grand river 5. splendid sunset
6. grand old man 6. splendid costumes
7. grand result 7. splendid coronation robes
8. grand bridge . 8. splendid stone (diamond)
9. grand fireworks 9. splendid achievement
10. grand achievement 10. splendid scenery

HARDLY, SCARCELY
Hardly, i. In a hard or rough manner; rigorously; harshly ;oppressively; severely; unfavorably — as, “to deal hardly with one.” 2. With difiiculty or great pains — as, ”Seamen’s wages are hardly earned.” 3. Almost not; not, with few exceptions; not wholly; barely: noting that the qualified clause is untrue, but lacks little of being true — as, ‘ ‘He had hardly escaped when he was recaptured.”

4. Not quite; not, though almost: a euphemism for not, noting that the qualified clause is untrue, though approaching very nearly to truth — as, “That is hardly the way to do it.”

5. Improbably; not likely — as, “He will hardly take such a risk.” Scarcely, i. Only just; with difficulty or with little lapse of time; barely: signifying that the qualified attribute or action is true, but lacks little of being untrue — as, “I had scarcely spoken.”

2. Not quite; hardly: negativing the qualified word, but asserting that it lacks but little of truth — as, “You will scarcely maintain that proposition.” Scarcely is often improperly used for hardly. In strict usage scarcely has reference to quantity; hardly, to degree.

You may rightly say, “It is scarcely dun hour to nightfall” and “He will hardly finish his task before nightfall.” Do not say scarcely — than — as, ‘Scarcely had I recognized him than he addressed me.” In such sentences, use no sooner — than. HEALTHY, HEALTHFUL Healthy, i. Having health; being in a condition of health; sound; well — as, “a healthy body.”

2. Conducing or tending to health, etc. Healthful. Efficacious in promoting health or causing health;
sanative; salubrious — as, “a healthful climate.” Healthy is most correctly used to signify possessing or enjoying health or its results — as, ‘a. healthy person “; ”a healthy condition.” Healthful signifies promoting health, or tending, or adapted to confer, preserve, or promote health — as, “a healthful climate.” MAD, ANGRY Mad. I. Disordered in mind; lunatic; insane; crazy.

2. Subject to overmastering emotion; excited intensely or beyond self-control; inflamed or infatuated, as with jealousy, terror, or grief. Specif, I. Strongly moved by desire or curiosity; eager; infatuated—as,
‘mad for gold.”

2. Wild with animal spirits; extravagantly gay.

3. Distracted with trouble or anxiety, as mad with grief; angry; furious; enraged. 4. Uncontrollable, as an animal through rage or disease, especially rabies. 5. Proceeding from or indicating a disordered
mind; rash, as a mad project.

6. Tumultuous or uncontrollable in movement or action: said of things, as a mad torrent. Angry, i. FeeHng anger; moved by violent resentment or indignation against the agent or cause of the trouble — as, “angry with his brother.”

2. Showing or wearing the marks of anger; caused, occasioned, or aflfected by or as by anger — as, ”an angry sky.” 3. Med.: inflamed — as, “an angry sore.” 4. Vexed, grieved, etc. Mad in the sense of angry is colloquial. Do not say, ”You make me mad” or “I am mud at you.” In about nine cases out of ten the correct word is angry. You may very properly speak of a mad man, meaning an insane person, of a mad scheme, or of a mad dog.

NOWHERE, NOWHERES Nowhere, somewhere, and some place are correct. Avoid nowheres,
somewheres, and someplace. Do not say nowhere near for not nearly. REAL, VERY Real. I. Having actual existence; not theoretical or imaginary — as, “That is a real instance of success.”

2. Being in fact according to appearance or claim; genuine; not artificial, false, spurious SIMILAR ADJECTIVES AND    as, ”real diamonds.”
3. Philos. Having actual being, whether spiritual or material; etc.

4. Law. (i) Relating or pertaining to, or arising out of, lands. \2) Civ. Law. Relating to or connected ith things, including things movable and immovable, as distinguished from persons. Very. i. In a high degree; in a large measure; extremely; exceedingly  as, ”very generous.  Do not say, “I am very pleased to meet you” or ”He was very provoked.” You should say, ”I am very much pleased” or ”He was very muck provoked.” Avoid the very common error of using the adjective real for very.

The foregoing definitions leave no doubt about the distinction in meaning between the two. Do not say, “This book is real deep.” Say, “This book is very deep.” Here are several incorrect expressions: “real tired,” “real hungry,” “real pretty,” “real busy,” and “real unjust.” Very or really is correct in each case. RESPECTFULLY, RESPECTIVELY Respectfully. With due respect. Respectively.

As singly or severally considered; singly in the order designated — as, “John, James, and William were elected president, secretary, and treasurer respectively.” In closing a letter in which Yours respectfully is to be used, be especially careful not to use respectively. SOME, SOMEWHAT Some. I. Of indeterminate quantity; of indefinite number or amount — as, “He bought some land in Texas.” 2. Appreciable
yet limited in degree or amount; moderate  as,

“The report is in  some measure true.”

3. Conceived or thought of, but not definitely known: used to express ignorance or uncertainty in regard to the person or thing referred to — as, “Some person drove past” or “He may fall into some ditch.”

4. Logic. Part at least; etc. 5. Colloq. Of considerable account; noteworthy or eminent  As an adverb the word som£. has the following meanings: i. Colloq. In an approximate degree; as nearly as maybe estimated; about as, “Some eighty people were present.”

2. Dial, or Prov. Somewhat  as, ”He was some tired” or “I like it some.” Somewhat. Adv. In some degree; to some extent — sls, *’somewhat hastily,” “somewhat more than a year ago.” Remember, therefore, that some should not be used in the sense of somewhat. Do not say, ”Business is some better this year.” It is incorrect to say, “Shipments were delayed some” for ‘Shipments were delayed somewhat.” NICE, AGREEABLE Nice. I. Characterized by discrimination and judgment; discernin  — as, “a nice criticism.”

2. Refined and pure in tastes and habits; refined; hence overparticular; dainty; modest; fastidious; etc. From the above definition it is clear that nice in the sense of agreeable or attractive is colloquial. All such expressions as “nice time,” “nice man,” “nice business,” etc. are incorrect. APT, LIKELY, LIABLE Apt. I. Having a natural or habitual tendency (to); liable, likely, or given (to)  as, “Iron is apt to rust.”

2. Adapted by nature; naturally gifted; fitted; able — as, “apt to rule.”

3. Adapted to the purposeas, “an apt illustration.” Likely, i. Apparently true or real; easily credible; plausible; probable as, “a likely explanation.” 2. Reasonably expected; showing a tendency; etc. Liable, i. Exposed, as to damage, penalty, expense, burden, or anything unpleasant or dangerous; open; contingently subject; with to  as, “liable to insult or injury.” 2. Justly or legally responsible; answerable as,

“The endorser is liable.” 3. Having a tendency, inclination, or likelihood (to do something unfortunate or undesirable); likely (with unfavorable sense) as, “All men are liable to err.” There are some places in which these words are exact synonyms  and one may, therefore, be used for the other. For example,

you will note that likely is given as one of the meanings of liable and that both likely and liable are given as synonyms of apt. Words that have the same meaning in some cases, however, have different meanings in others, and the selection of the correct word where the meanings are different is important.

If you eliminate the first definition of apt, because this meaning of the word is the same as one of the meanings of the words liable and likely, you get its distinctive meanings, naturally gifted and
adapted to a purpose. Neither liable nor likely has these meanings. Similarly in the first two definitions of liable you get its distinctive meanings, exposed to danger and legally responsible. Neither apt
nor likely has these meanings. The distinctive meaning of likely is the first one given — plausible.
Neither apt nor liable has this meaning. So much for the distinctive meanings — that is, the place where

one cannot be substituted for the other. But even where the meanings are similar there is a slight difference. Apt refers t o a natural tendency; liable, in the sense of likelihood, refers to something unfavorable; and likely refers to something expected merely.

Thus you say “Iron is apt to rust” when you have in mind its natural chemical qualities; you say ”Men are liable to err” when you have in mind an undesirable possibility; and you say “That man is likely to do wrong” when you have in mind a real probabiUty. None of the three words is wrong in the sentences just given, but the slight shade of difference in them is worth noting.

The following is a list of similar words to be studied with the help of the dictionary or a good book of synonyms: adequate, enough, sufficient disinterested, uninterested apparent, seeming due, owing credible, creditable exceptionable, exceptional delicious, delightful funny, odd, peculiar desirous, anxious human, humane
ingenious, ingenuous
mutual, common
new, novel, modern
noted, notorious
partly, partially
pitiable, piteous, pitiful
plenty, plenteous, plentiful
practicable, practical
sincere, frank
sure, certain
surprised, astonished, astounded
valuable, valued

Rajesh Gurule

THE IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH IN BUSINESS.

THE IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH IN BUSINESS.

I. Why Worry About English?
1. The student who is looking forward to a business career is inclined to dislike anything that takes his attention from the profession he has chosen to master.

Accordingly, when some one says to him, ”You should learn more about English, it will help you in your work,” he is Ukely to reply with a question: “Why should I worry about that? If I know my own business I’ll get on all right, won’t I?” And not infrequently he turns away from his adviser, confident that the study of English has little or no place in the training of a business man or woman .

2. Yet many people know that this skepticism concerning the importance of English in business is not shared by progressive men of affairs. Large firms are every day establishing classes in English for the benefit of their employees; questions concerning correct usage come with astonishing regularity to teachers of English. It is plain that the gulf which once was thought to separate the business man and the teacher is rapidly narrowing.

The teacher can learn much from his friend in business; the business man can learn some things from the schoolmaster

3. When they have gone so far as to accept in a vague way this truth that good English has a place in successful business, some persons, however, make a mistake. They think that there is such a thing as ”business EngUsh,”

2  ftftie iSNGtlSHvOF BUSINESS entirely different from the literary English of the schools.
They realize that the phraseology of a business letter differs in many respects from that, say, of Macaulay’s Essays, and are inclined to make for themselves a new business rhetoric, and to feel, unconsciously perhaps, that the less they interest themselves in the old principles, the easier it will be to master the new.

4. In a limited way, of course, this is true. The ordinary student of English, unless he be a sort of ”perpetual Freshman, ” has in mind the attainment of *’ style ” ; he is interested in the creation of beauty—to use words of perhaps too large significance. The typical business man has no such ideal.
His purpose is, let us say, to sell automobiles. If by his writing he can realize this ambition, he is quite satisfied. He does not concern himself with aesthetics.

And yet to think that the English he uses differs in any fundamental way from that of his friend who writes short stories, is to err. There is no more a “business English” than there is an ”historical English” or a “geological English”; it is all one speech, one written language. What differences there are between the pages composed by story-teller, historian, geologist, and automobile salesman, arise only from the necessity of adapting one written language to the solution of different problems.

5. To return, however, to the main question: why is it that thoughtful people today realize that good English, in the large—and true—sense of the phrase, has an important relation to business? Why are firms and individuals each year paying more attention to the letters and other written matter they send out? Why should the young business man undertake to master the writing and speaking of English?

6. First of all, because the habitual use of good English, whether in speaking or writing, helps one to make a good impression upon other people. It is in a real sense a mark USINESS 3of distinction. A business house is particular about the appearance of its letter paper; it should be equally concerned
with what is written on that paper.

The young man who is advised to be careful about his personal appearance, in order to make a favorable impression upon his associates or employers, should be equally careful about his use of the national tongue.

7. Today, as most people know, the bulk of all business is transacted by letter. A firm is known to its clients not only by the goods it sells, but by the letters it writes. It often makes its first appeal to a prospective customer by a letter. If the letter is carefully typed, on good paper, and is well composed, it makes a favorable initial impression.

The high school graduate applying for a position writes a letter; if it is a good letter, he may receive a personal interview. The outcome of that interview will depend to a considerable xtent upon the candidate’s ability to express himself well in onversation. From this point of view, then, a command of
English is highly desirable: it enables one to make a better mpression, in writing or in speaking, than is possible when ne is not master of his tongue or pen. .

In the second place, a good command of English will nable a person to convey ideas to other people effectively; it will help him to do more business. The world of trade moves through the exchange of ideas. Smith has something to sell; Jones wants to buy. If Smith can show Jones that Smith’s goods will satisfy his demand, he will get the business he wishes. Whether or not he succeeds will depend to a considerable extent on his ability to express himself in English.

9. This practical value of the command of a language has seldom been more clearly recognized than by Benjamin Franklin and Lincoln. Neither man had the opportunity o secure a formal education; each man yearned for power toinfluence others; and each, as a young man, set dehberately about the task of learning to write well in order to convey his ideas to others in the most effective way. Today we still
read Franklin’s letters and Lincoln’s speeches, and wonder at the lucidity and force with which they expressed themselves.

They made the language their tool, and used the tool to admirable purpose. 10. A command of English, then, will aid the business man in these two ways : it will help him make a good impression on others, and will render easier his task of conveying ideas effectively.

The very fact that a command of English has this immediate value to the business man, suggests that it will aid him in still a third way: it will give him self-confidence. Watch a skillful artisan ten minutes, and see how his mastery of his tools enables him to go about his work easily and swiftly. Put those same tools into the hands of a man unacquainted with their use, and the result will be a  bungling job—or a wreck.

This lack of confidence which the untrained man is so conscious of is one of the most certain
causes of his failure. Similarly, the business man who “knows what he means, but can’t express himself,” makes a poor showing beside his rival who, no more skillful perhaps than the inarticulate competitor, has yet the confidence which comes from mastery of the chief tool with which business is
transacted—the English language.

11. The chief tool—but not, of course,- the only tool. Mere mastery of language will not ensure any person’s success. But of two men equally endowed in other respects the one who has most effectively mastered the English language will attain the fullest measure of success.

Rajesh Gurule

Unity of the Sentence

Careless writers often express two or more unrelated thoughts in the same sentence — as :
1. We are at a loss to understand why you did not keep your promise to remit, and we have begun many suits lately to collect past-due accounts.

2. St. Louis should always extend a hearty welcome to manufacturers, and it has one of the largest parks in the United States. Sometimes a sentence contains two ideas that it is really absurd to connect  as : Mr. Annis was a successful manufacturer, but he died in California.

Sometimes also a sentence contains too many members or is unduly lengthened by the addition of several subordinate clauses  as : 1. We agree that it is somewhat late to address you in regard to this, but we are trying to get your account in proper balance, and as you know we are having a hard problem to solve in handling our returned goods, we have been unable to give everything its proper attention.

2. We have some customers who wish to return goods which were shipped according to the contract which we have taken great pains to make clear to all that do business with us. But quite often there is not enough in the sentence.
For example, a subordinate clause will be mistaken for a sentence and made to stand alone  as : You having made no effort to pay your past-due account. Although we have extended to you most courteous treatment.

Again, a relative clause will be connected with a statement by and or but when the connectives should be omitted  as: We wrote you January 7 about the invoices of October and November and which should have been paid before the Christmas holidays. Sometimes there is a needless change of the subject as :

Our Iowa representative visited the house today, and business in his territory was reported good. Note the improvement when the subject is made the same  as : Our Iowa representative visited the house and reported business good in his territory. In all of the foregoing cases, the writers failed to make their meanings clear because they did not express their thoughts, one at a time, in complete units.

That is, their sentences lacked unity. Unity in the sentence is the expression of but one main idea.

Rule I

Do not unite two or more statements unless they are closely related in thought. Original: I was greatly disappointed this morning to find that your check had not yet reached us, and I told the manager of the Credit Department that you would pay your bills promptly. Improved: Several months ago I told the manager of the Credit Department that you would pay your bills promptly.

This morning, however, I was greatly disappointed to find that your check had not reached us. Rule II. Do not include in the same sentence inconsistent or absurd ideas.

1. Original: Hoping to hear from you at an early date, we trust that you will find the sale of our line satisfactory. Improved: We hope to hear from you at an early date. Meanwhile we trust that you will find the sale of our goods satisfactory.

2. Original: The hat was undoubtedly crushed in shipping, and it was a John B. Stetson hat. Improved: This Stetson hat was undoubtedly crushed in shipping.

Rule II

Do not use and or hut to connect a relative clause with a sentence.
1. Original: Referring to your account on our books, we find that since the date of this statement you have paid us $155.51, and which remittance we appreciate. Improved: We appreciate the payment of $155.51 which our record of your account shows you made since your last statement.

2. Original: We have received many orders from Mr. W. A. Miller, a well-known retailer, and who understands the conditions in that part of the state. Improved: We have received many orders from Mr. W. A. Miller, a well-known retailer, who understands conditions in that part of the state.

Rule III

A sentence should not contain too many members even though they are closely related in thought,

I. Original: This statement is sent for comparison, and if, at your convenience, you will be kind enough to check it over and if found to be correct, favor us with a remittance, we shall be enabled to balance your account down to the point mentioned. Improved:

This statement is sent for comparison. Please check it over at your convenience, and if you find it correct, favor us with a remittance. We shall then be able to balance your account down to the time mentioned.

2. Original: We are sure you do not wish us to discriminate against our good customers; however, we do just this, if we waive interest in your favor while other customers who for some reason could not pay for their purchases on the maturity date allow us interest for the overtime. Improved:

We are sure you do not wish us to discriminate against our good customers who for some reason could not pay for their purchases on the maturity date and have allowed us interest for the overtime. If, however, we waive interest in your favor, this is precisely what we do.

Rule VI

Do not mistake a phrase or a clause for a complete sentence.

1. Original: We do not urge our customers to put their private funds into these bonds. Although we have ourselves bought heavily of them. Improved: Although we have bought heavily of these bonds, we do not urge our customers to put their private funds into them.

2. Original: We shipped one case June 7, price twenty-seven dollars. The other June 23, price thirty-six dollars. Improved: We shipped one case June 7, price twenty-seven dollars, and the other June 23, price thirty-six dollars.

Rule V

When clauses, phrases, and single parts of speech are connected by and, or, but, either — or, neither  nor, etc., they should be made similar in form. Careless writers often join a clause and a phrase by one of the foregoing connectives when both expressions should be clauses or nouns.

I. Original: We could not continue longer in business, or very few orders had come in and on account of the high cost of labor. Improved: We could not continue longer in business, for very few orders had come in and the cost of labor was high

2. Original: The company decided that it would raise the wages of its employees and to grant them a bonus. Improved: The company decided to raise the wages of its employees and to grant thtm a bonus.

3. Original: As we have written you many letters and no reply having been received, we are placing your account in the hands of our attorney for collection.

4. Improved: As we have written you many letters and have received no reply, we are placing your account in the hands of our attorney for collection. Careless writers also unconsciously shift from one form of the verb to another, from present time to past time, from one pronoun subject to another and from one form of verb to an unlike form  as, ” My duties are to answer the telephone and filing letters. This, of course, should be written: “My duties are to answer the telephone and file letters.

The following sentences illustrate these types of errors :

1. Original: Mr. Hart will call on you in a few days, and samples of our goods will be shown to you. Improved: Mr. Hart will call on you in a few days and show you samples of our goods.

2. Original: Just then a customer comes in and wanted to return some goods which she had bought. Improved: Just then a customer came in and wanted to exchange some goods which she had bought.

3. Original: We appreciate his going on the road for us, his loyalty to the house, and that he has made money for us. Improved: We appreciate the fact that he went on the road for us, was loyal to the house, and made money for us.

4. Original: We regret being unable to replace the broken chair and that you have decided not to give us future orders. Improved: We regret that we are unable to replace the broken chair and that you have decided not to give us future orders.

Rule VII

Avoid any needless change of the subject,
1. Original: You may give us a promissory note for the amount, or a check may be sent by you. Improved: You may give us a promissory note for the amount or send us your personal check.

2. Original: Our salesman will call on you next week, and our proposition will be explained to you in detail. Improved: Our salesman will call on you next week and explain our proposition in detail.

Rajesh Gurule

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CHOOSING SUBJECTS

Choosing subjects in Chapter X definite subjects were assigned for talks. Getting a subject for yourself sometimes seems difficult; you are likely to think that there is no topic upon which you can say more than a few sentences. Isn’t it true that when you are talking to your friends you seldom are at a loss for something to say?

Of course, what your companion says often suggests an idea on which you give your opinion. You speak about things that interest you, and the words come fairly easily. Why not apply the same principle to more formal composition, whether oral or written? Unless a subject interests you, do not use it. But be careful that you do not reject it as uninteresting until you have thought about it carefully, considering it from all sides.

Often one subject will suggest another akin to it, but more interesting to you because you know more about it. For this reason choose very simple subjects, and become thoroughly familiar with them by thinking or reading about them, before you attempt to explain them. Sometimes, again, you will find that the subject you have chosen is not good because it is not definite enough. You hardly know where or how to begin to explain it, because it suggests no definite ideas.

Perhaps, for instance, you have decided to write on the automobile aijd can think of nothing to say until you remember that you once saw an automobile race about which you can tell several interesting details; or you have seen an automobile accident and can write on the topic A Runaway Electric, If you can speak or write on topics taken from your own observation, your composition will probably be good.

You know the facts, you have an interest in the subject, and you will very likely say something of interest to others. Subjects taken from school life or neighborhood happenings, especially such things as you yourself have seen, are excellent. Perhaps on your way to school you noticed that several old houses are being torn down.

You remember that you heard that a candy factory is to be erected. At once several suggestions for themes will come to you; as, Why the Factory is Being Erected in this Neighborhood, How eighborhoods Change in a Large City, The Work the Wrecking Company Carries on. Perhaps your father owns property in the neighborhood, and you could write on How Real Estate Values have Changed in this Neighborhood. Next to your own experience, the best source from which to draw subjects is your reading.

This may be divided into (i) books, (2) magazines and newspapers.

Recall one of the books that you read in the grammar grades, perhaps The Courtship of Miles Standish. Drawing your material from this source, you can write A Picture of Early Plymouth Days, or a sketch of Miles Standish’s character, using the title Practice What You Preach. But to try to tell the whole story to any one in two or three minutes would result in failure, for it would be a subject entirely too big to treat in so short a time.

All the interesting details would have to be omitted, and, if the details are omitted, the story loses its vitality. It is the newspaper or the magazine, however, that offers us the most available source of subjects. Practically all that we know of the modern world and of the wonderful progress being made in invention and discovery, as well as of the accidents and disasters that take place, we have learned first from the newspaper and have verified later by the articles in magazines.

Every issue of a newspaper or of a magazine contains suggestions for many subjects. Such magazines as The World’s Work, System, The Outlook, The Technical World, and other magazines that deal with technical subjects in a popular way are excellent for this work. A third important source of subjects is the studies that you are now pursuing.

Every new study affords a new  point of view, which should suggest many topics for oral and written themes. Sometimes a good subject is the comparison of two of your studies by which you try to show, perhaps, how the one depends on the other. The subject, of course, is but the beginning of the composition.

Developing the subject is fully as important as having a subject to develop. The ability to develop a subject clearly is very important in the business world. A business man sells his goods either by talking or by writing; by the salesman or by the letter and the advertisement. Unless the salesman talks in a convincing way, he probably will sell few goods. He must know not only what to say, but how to say it.

Rajesh Gurule

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English Pronunciation

We are judged by our speech. If we clip syllables, run words together, or pronounce them incorrectly, we shall merit the criticism of being careless or even ignorant. Yet clear enunciation and correct pronunciation are sometimes difficult.

We learn most words by hearing others say them, and, if we do not hear the true values given to the different syllables, we shall find it hard to distinguish the correct from the incorrect forms. Children whose parents speak a foreign language usually have to watch their speech with especial care; Germans, for example, find difficulty in saying th and Irish people in saying oi as in oil.

The exercises in this chapter are given for the purpose of correcting such habits. The words in the exercises should be pronounced repeatedly, until the correct forms are instinctive. Train the ear to hear the difference between sounds, as in just and in jest. Don’t slide over the final consonant in such words as going and reading. Watch words containing why.

The dictionary tells us that where was originally written what, the he coming before the w; and we still pronounce it so, although we write the w before the h. The word whether is of the same kind. The dictionary tells us that it was first spelled hweder. Such words should be carefully noted and their pronunciation practiced. Then there is the habit of slurring syllables.

We may understand what is meant by the expression “Cm* on” or “Waja say?”, but most of us would prefer not to be included in the class of people who use either. Correct speech cannot be mastered without an effort. In the following exercises watch every vowel and every consonant so that you may give each one its full value.

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Clearness in the Sentence

Rule 1

Clearness requires that the various parts of the sentence should be so carefully arranged as to make the meaning unmistakable. Observe a watchmaker at work. How carefully he places each tiny piece in its proper place, and how exact he makes every detail of his work. Before the watch will run and keep accurate time, every part must be rightly arranged in relation to the whole.

The watch will run and keep correct time only when its parts are perfectly adjusted. In precisely the same way, the sentence can do its work best only when each part is in its proper position. In order that you may correctly arrange the details of a sentence, you should keep in mind the following principles :

1. Every modifier — word, phrase, or clause — should be so placed that it will qualify or be properly related to the word intended. For example, do not say, “I only deducted two per cent.” Say, “I deducted only two per cent.”

2. Every pronoun should refer unmistakably to the noun or pronoun for which it stands. It is incorrect to say, “Mr. Field told his father he would succeed.” We do not know whether the pronoun refers to Mr. Field or his father. Similarly, it is incorrect to say, “The books and tablets were received three days after we received the pencils. This was on January 15.” It is better to say, “The books and tablets were received January 15, and the lead pencils January 12” (or January 18 and January 15, according to the meaning).

3. A summarizing word or expression — such as these, all these, 147 148 ACTUAL BUSINESS ENGLISH these and many more, etc. — should be used to collect the parts of a long subject — thus: To act as trustee of property left with it as guardian of minors; to act as agent in the management of real property; to act as receiver for defunct concerns of all kinds and those needing reorganization; to act as depository for trust funds, securities, and other personal property these are among the various powers granted to trust companies. Clearness also requires accuracy of statement.

For example, note the following: “There were 12 doz. shoe boxes in each of the 20 cases, and half of them were broken.” As the statement stands, you cannot determine whether 10 of the cases were broken or 120 dozen of the boxes. It is better to state the sentence as follows: ” There were 20 cases each containing 12 dozen shoe boxes. Ten of the cases were broken.” In order to secure clearness in the sentence, the following rules should be carefully applied: Rule I. Adjectives and adverbs should he so placed that there can he no doubt as to what they modify.

It is incorrect to say —

1. One pair of black ladies’ stockings.

2. Our tailored babies’ coats.

3. Special sale of hlackcalf boys’ school shoes.

4. I only asked five dollars for the hat.

5. We nearly sold all the stock at a premium.

6. Every box was not broken. Note the gain in clearness when the modifiers are rearranged:
1. One pair of ladies’ black stockings.
2. Our babies’ tailored coats.
3. Special sale of boys’ blackcalf school shoes.
4. I asked only five dollars for the hat.
5. We sold nearly all the stock at a premium.
6. Not every box was broken.

Rule 2

Like adjectives and adverbs, phrases and clauses should be so placed thai they will modify the word intended. In the following sentences, the phrases and clauses are misplaced:
1. Your order was received Saturday /or two Victrolas.
2. I saw a man wrapping bundles with a Roman nose.
3. We are sending you a statement amounting to $250 of your account.
4. Wanted: A horse for an old man that is well broken.
5. The stoves came yesterday in good condition that I ordered. The same sentences, when correctly arranged, gain much in clearness:

1. Your order for two Victrolas was received Saturday.
2. I saw a man with a Roman nose wrapping bundles.
3. We are sending you a statement of your account which amounts to $250.
4. Wanted: A horse that is well broken for an old man.
5. The stoves / ordered came yesterday in good condition.

Rule 3

There should be a definitely expressed noun or pronoun for euery participle or participial phrase to modify, and a participial modifier should be placed as near as possible to the word it modifies. The following are incorrectly written:
1. Knowing your needs, hundreds of fall raincoats have been placed on sale.
2. Having secured a money order, the bill was paid by me.
3. Walking into the office, a telegram was seen by the manager.

Note carefully the changes necessary to make the meaning clear:
1. Knowing your needs, we have placed hundreds of fall raincoats on sale.
2. Having secured a money order, I paid the bill.
3. Walking into the office, the manager saw a telegram.

Rule 4

A sentence should he so constructed that the word to which a pronoun refers will he easily discoverable. The following sentences illustrate errors of this kind:
1. Mr. Lee’s father entered the hardware business when he was quite young.
2. In the letter it says the goods were damaged.
3. We are interested in your gasoline-feed system, but it would not be worth our while considering it unless it is protected by patent.

Note the gain in clearness when the reference of each pronoun is made definite:
1. When Mr. Lee was quite young, his father entered the hardware business.
2. The letter says that the goods were damaged.
3. We are interested in your gasoline-feed system, but would not consider it unless the device were protected by patent.

Rule 5

When the suhject of a sentence is long and contains a series of words, phrases, or clauses, both clearness and force may he obtained by the use of a summarizing word thus: Government bonds, or those issued by the Federal Government; state and municipal bonds, or those issued by states, counties, school districts, cities, and villages; railroad bonds; public utility bonds, or those issued by street railways, water, gas, I and electric companies; industrial bonds, the issues of companies engaged in commercial and industrial enterprises these are the different classes of bonds.

Rule 6

Clearness requires accuracy of statement. The following sentences contain inaccuracies:
1. The enclosed statement amounting to $250 and showing a balance on your account down to date is now due.
2. The shipment of June 7 was for December shipment. In the first of the foregoing, one should not speak of a statement as amounting to a certain sum because the sum referred to is evidently the balance due; and, in the second, the statement is so inaccurate as to make it a puzzle. Note how each may be improved:
1. The enclosed statement of your account shows a balance of $250, which is now due.
2. The goods sent you June 7 were originally intended for December shipment.

Rule 7

Whenever possible use simple words, but use technical words if necessary.
The following sentences contain expressions for which technical terms should be used:
1. Please send me two packages of Examination Paper.
2. We shipped you a box of shoes on Feb.
4. Note the improvement in them when technical terms are substituted:
1. Please send me two reams of Examination Paper.
2. We shipped you a case of shoes on Feb. 4.

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Emphasis

Emphasis is that quality of a composition which requires that each idea shall be given force appropriate to its importance. Emphasis is all-important in business writing. It places the idea before the reader in such a way that he must attend to it. Emphasis is the red ink, the italics, the nota dene, of expression. This quality is not always easily obtained and often comes indirectly.

The rampant orator, sawing the air and shouting himself hoarse, may leave less impression on his audience than does the quiet speaker who in a calm, conversational tone drives home his points with well-chosen and well-arranged remarks.

The still small voice ” was the voice of power. So in writing, simple, straightforward expression is usually most effective. Unusual expressions, red ink, underlining of words, italics, capitalization, and drawings have all a legitimate part in impressing the reader ; but belief in your ideas, careful thought, and everyday language will in most cases make the best impression. There are six important ways in which an idea may be emphasized :

1. By giving it large space, —saying much about it.
2. By placing it at the beginning, —talking about it first.
3. By placing it at the close, —using it as a conclusion.
4. By placing it in an unusual position, —giving it novelty.
5. By repetition, —making it echo and reecho.
6. By the use of an unusually apt expression.

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Using comparison while English speaking

Most adjectives and many adverbs have three forms to denote different degrees of comparison — as, large, larger, largest; soon, sooner, soonest.

The first form, which does not really suggest comparison at all, is commonly called the positive degree; the second, the comparative degree; and the third, the superlative degree. The comparative degree should be used in comparing two things or sets of things — thus:

1. A government bond is safer than a corporation bond.

2. Our prices are lower than yours. The superlative degree should be used in comparing three or more things — thus:

1. Liberty bonds are the safest investment in the world.

2. Lumber reached its highest price in 1920. In spite of the foregoing rules, good writers sometimes use the superlative when only two things are compared.

For example, you will find such sentences as ” Henry is the tallest of the two.” Hall says that the comparative degree is on the road to extinction except before than. Lounsbury, Carpenter, and Baskerville and Se well defend the use of the superlative in comparing two things, while Hill, Genung, and Herrick and Damon favor a rigid appHcation of the foregoing rules.

Though the rule is often disregarded by good writers, it is better to use the comparative when two things or sets of things are compared. Many adjectives and adverbs are compared by the use of more and most, or less and least as the case may require — as, beautiful, more beautiful, most beautiful. This method is used when the addition of er or est would not be pleasing in sound.

1 Carpenter says that the ear alone should decide which ought to be used.

Some of the most noted writers of prose, however, have violated this rule. Thackeray used handsomest, immensest, and wonderful est, and Ruskin patientest, and sorrowful est. You will find, however, that most modern writers use more and most whenever it will prevent a series of harsh or unpleasant sounds.

Most handsome, most immense, most wonderful, most patient, and most sorrowful are the better forms. Adverbs ending in are compared by the use of more and most—as, slowly, more slowly, most slowly.

Most adjectives in —such as lowly, friendly, lovely, and manly —form the comparative and superlative by the addition of er and est. The following words do not admit of comparison : double, square, round, horizontal, perpendicular, perfect, ideal, and infallible. If an object is square or round, it is inaccurate to say that it could be more square or round.

You should say more nearly square, more nearly round, more nearly perfect, etc. Many errors consist in the use of double comparison. You have no doubt heard the following expressions : worser, lesser, etc. Of course, the correct forms are worse and less. The double forms furthermore, furthermost, and uttermost, however, are approved.

The expressions more preferable, more superior, and most favorite involve double comparison, and hence should be avoided. * Baskerville and Sewell: School Grammar, page 87. * Carpenter: Principles of English Grammar, page 103. Some adjectives are compared irregularly.

The following forms should be carefully learned: Positive bad, or ill good, or well far late little many, or much near old Comparative worse better farther (distance) further (additional) later latter less more nearer older elder Superlative worst best farthest furthest latest last least most nearest, or next oldest eldest Latter and former are now generally used in speaking of two things, the latter being the one mentioned second and the former the one mentioned first. You should, however, these forms only when necessary, as it is easy to acquire the habit of overworking them.

So-called mixed comparisons should generally be avoided. For example, it is incorrect to say, ” Mr. Jones is as good a salesman if not better than Mr. Brown.” Certainly no careful writer would say, ” Mr. Jones is as good a salesman than Mr. Brown.” Say, ” Mr. Jones is as good a salesman as Mr. Brown, if not better.” It is also an error to say, ” John Wanamaker is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, merchant this country has produced.” You should say, ” John Wanamaker is one of the greatest merchants this country has produced, if not the greatest.”

The mixed comparison is thus avoided by the transposition of the phrases or clauses. When one thing or one group of things is compared with another of the same sort, they must be clearly separated in meaning.

This can be done whenever necessary by adding the word other— thus:

1. Amber-colored goggles will protect your eyes from the sun better than any other glasses.
2. Miss Young is more accurate than any other person in the auditing department. Since amber-colored goggles are a kind of glasses, it is necessary to add the word other. There is a great deal of uncertainty about the correct use of as — as and so — as. Good usage favors the use of as — as in equal comparisons and so — as in unequal comparisons.1 Note the following sentences:

1. Shaw-Walker’s trade is as large as ours.
2. Shaw-Walker’s trade is not so large as ours. Notice that unequal comparisons are made by the addition of a negative. You may, therefore, find it easy to remember that so — as should be used in preference to as — as in sentences where a negative occurs.

Read these sentences carefully until you can use the correct expression without difficulty:
1. Mr. Stone is not so careful as his partner in selecting his investments.
2. The supply of raw cotton is scarcely so great as that of 1920.
3. No one else is so well known to business men as Mr. Schwab.
4. We have not received so many orders during the present month as we did last year. 5. Neither of the applicants was so well prepared for the work as Mr. Taylor.

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English speaking PDF Download 31 – English speaking Dialogues about Time

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 English Speaking Dialogues About Time

 

These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking about Time

  • What time is it, please?
  • It is ten o’clock.
  •  It is twenty minutes past ten.
  • It is half-past ten.
  • It is twenty minutes to eleven.
  • It is quarter past two.
  • What time does the train leave?
  • It leaves at even fifty.
  •  You are mistaken.
  • It leaves twenty­ five.
  •  It soon.
  • It is afternoon.
  • What time is it by your watch?
  • My watch has stopped.
  • I forgot to wind it.
  • My watch goes fast.
  • It does not keep good time.
  • Mine goes slow.
  • I don’t know what the matter with it is.
  • It is five minutes slow now.
  • I must have it fixed.
  • Do you have an alarm clock?
  • Yes, I have an alarm clock.
  • Set the 9 o’clock for half-past five.
  • What time do you have your breakfast?
  • I have my breakfast at six o’clock, my dinner at twelve, and my supper at six.
  • There are four seasons in one year.
  • Name the four seasons.
  • Spring, summer, Autumn-Fall, winter.
  • One year has twelve months.
  •  A month has four weeks.
  • Next year is a year.
  • Can you namemonths of the year? January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November,  December.
  • Name the days of the week.
  • Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday.
  • What day is it today?
  • Today is Wednesday.
  • What is the date today?
  • Today is the twelfth of January.
  • Hat day of the month is it today?
  •  Today is the twentieth of August.
  • How long have you been here?
  • I have been here’ two months.
  • I came to this town two weeks ago.
  • I came here a week ago yesterday.
  • I am going away the day after tomorrow.
  • I came home ten days to Boston last night.
  • At going to New York next week.
  • A week from today I shall be home

 

English speaking PDF Download 28 – English speaking Dialogues In Telephone Office Part – 1

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In Telephone Office –

  • My brother arrived in New York yesterday.
  • I must send him a telegram to let him know that I am here.
  • Let us go to the telegraph office, John.
  • We’ll be back in about half an hour.
  • No, I cannot go.  
  • I have to go to the photographer’s.
  • I am going to have my picture taken today.
  • Go there after we come back.
  • I must go now, because I have an appointment with the photographer at eleven o’clock.
  • I am sorry I can’t go with you.
  • Never mind, John.
  • I want to send a telegram.
  • Here is a telegram form.
  • Write on it what you wish to say.
  • Write in plain English.
  • How much do you want for it?
  •  Count the words.
  • How many words are there?
  • There are twenty-two words.
  • Fifty cents.
  • You pay less for a night letter.
  • Write carefully and plainly your address, and the address to which the telegram goes.
  • Write the telegram in plain English.
  • A messenger takes the telegram and delivers it.
  • Pay for the answer if you are anxious to have one.
  • Answer paid.
  •  To John Brown, TELEGRAM.
  • Boston, Mass, Jan 4, 1914.
  • 42 Broadway, New York City.
  • Goods arrived.
  • Business rushing.
  • Come at once.
  • Sanford, Spring Street, Boston, Mass.
  • In the business sections of a city there are many telephone pay stations from which you can call up any one you wish.
  • Look up in the latest directory the telephone number of the person whom you wish to call.
  • Lift the receiver from the hook, and give the number to the operator.
  • Give the numbers one by one.
  • Four-seven-six ring six.
  • If the line is busy, hang up the receiver, and call again in a few minutes.
  • If you cannot find the telephone number in the directory, call up the operator, and ask for Information.
  •  The person in charge of the “Information” will give you the number.
  • When you wish to call up a person who lives outside of the city, call the operator, and ask for “Toll Operator.
  •  Give the telephone number to the ”Toll Operator,” and he will open the line for you.
  • George, somebody called you on the telephone about half an hour ago.
  • Who was it, do you know?
  •  I don’t know.

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English speaking PDF Download 27 – English speaking Words In Telephone Office

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Telephone Office –

  • Telegraph
  •  Local Telegraph Office     
  •  Long Distance Telegram  
  • Slot
  • Answer   
  • Nickel
  • Pay    
  • Dime
  • Word  
  • Quarter
  •  Desk
  • Receiver
  • Count
  • Mouth-Piece
  • Address     
  • Central
  • Messenger    
  •  Operator
  •  Sender    
  • Number
  • Forward  
  • Hook
  • Deliver    
  • Connect
  • Blank
  • Line
  • Busy
  • Dispatch  
  • Information
  • Day
  • Letter
  • Out Of
  • Order
  • Night
  •  Letter     
  • Ring
  • Pay Station                      
  • Drop
  • Telephone            
  • Hello
  • Directory                         
  •  Call

English speaking PDF Download 26 – English speaking Dialogues At Steam Boat

 

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 English Speaking Dialogues At Steam Boat

 

These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking At Steam Boat –

  • Will you please tell me where the Central What is?
  •  It is on Bates Street.
  • Go up straight as far as that white house, then turn to your left and go straight ahead until you reach the pier.
  • I thank you, sir.
  • I am very much obliged to you.
  • Is this the steamship office?
  • Yes, sir this is the steamer for New York.
  • What time does the steamboat leave?
  • It leaves at seven o’clock sharp.
  • The weather is good, and I think we shall start at seven o’clock sharp.
  • What is the fare to New York?
  • Five dollars.
  • Give me one ticket.
  • Can I buy a return ticket?
  • Yes, it will cost you eight dollars.
  • That way you save two dollars.
  •  Let me have a return ticket.
  • Give me a state room, too.
  • What do you charge for the state room? Two dollars for an outside room, one dollar and seventy-five cents for an inside room.
  • It is too much.
  • I can’t afford it.
  • I think I shall go downstairs in the cabin.
  • What is the fare for second class?
  • Three dollars.
  • I would like to travel first class, but the fare is too high.
  • If you can’t afford it, you can travel third class.
  • All right.
  • Give me a steerage ticket.
  • Where is the captain?
  • I want to see hint about my trunk.
  • You can check your trunk here.
  • Do you have a suit-case with you?
  • If you have one, bring it to the baggage room.
  • They don’t charge you anything for it.
  • Can I have my supper on board?
  •  Yes, there is a dining-room on the steamer.
  • You can have your meals at the regular hours.
  • Breakfast is served from seven to nine; dinner from twelve to two, and supper from half-past five to seven.
  • It is seven o’clock, and the whistle has not blown yet.
  • What is the trouble?
  • We shall not start before ten o’clock.
  • The weather is stormy.
  • The wind is strong.
  • Perhaps we shall not start before morning.
  • Oh, there goes the whistle! Hear the man calling “All aboard” We are off.
  • It is only half -past nine.
  • I am afraid it will.
  • Be stormy on the way.
  • The worst of it is •that I get sea- sick.
  • I don’t see how I can stand it.
  • Well, go to sleep, and you will be all right in the morning.
  • We reach New York tomorrow afternoon at half-past five.

 

English speaking PDF Download 25 – English speaking Words About Steam Boat

 

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These are various words you can use English Speaking About Steam Boat –

  • Aboard
  •  Anchor
  • Baggage
  • Passenger
  •  Port
  • Baggage-Room
  • Battleship
  • Bell
  • Berth
  • Boat
  • Bow
  • Cabin
  • Canoe
  • Chimney
  •  Compass
  • Cork
  • Deck
  • Fare
  • First Class
  •  Flag
  • Freight
  • Harbor
  • Helm
  • Inland
  • Island
  • Lake
  •  Launch
  • Life-Saver
  •  Ocean
  • Whistle
  • Row Nver
  •  Row Sail
  • Sail-Boat
  • Sailor
  • Sea
  • Sea-Sick
  • Second Class
  • Ship
  • Steer
  • Steerage
  • Steamer
  • Steamship
  • State Room
  • Stern
  • Storm
  • Third  Class
  •  Voyage
  • Warship
  • Watch
  • Wave

 

English speaking PDF Download 24 – English speaking Words In Shoe Store

 

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Shoe Store –

  • Shoe-Store
  • Shoe
  • Boots
  • High
  • Low
  • Leather
  • Tan
  • Black
  •  Red
  • Shoe-Horn
  • Button-Hook
  • Soles
  • Heel
  • Nail
  • Repair
  • Shoe-Blacking
  •  Shoe-Polish
  • Shoe-Lace
  • Shoe-String
  • Number
  • Size
  • Stretch
  • Pointed
  • Button
  • Shoe
  • Lace-Shoe
  • Patent-Leather
  • Rubbers
  • Slippers
  • Pair
  • Tight
  • Last
  • Shine Shoe
  • Brush

 

English speaking PDF Download 23 – English speaking Dialogues In School

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In School –

  • Do you speak English?
  •  Yes, I speak a little, but not very much.
  • I don’t speak English very well.
  • Do you understand me when I speak?
  • Yes, I understand what you say, but I can’t answer you.It is very hard to speak the “English language.No,
  •  The English language is very easy; you can learn how to speak if you’ try.
  • Do you go to the evening school?
  •  No, I don’t go the evening school.
  • What do they do there?
  • In the evening school they teach you to read, write, and speak English.
  • Don’t lose time.
  • Go as soon as you can.
  • You can find a better job if you now English.
  • You will get more money if you know how to write English.
  • Where is the evening school?
  • It is on Washington Street.
  • This boy will show you where it is.
  • Get ready.
  • Put on your coat and hat and go.
  • Yes, sir.
  • I am going right off.
  • Goodbye.
  • Good evening.
  • Is this the principal of the evening school? Yes, sir, this is Mr. Ones, the principal of the school.
  • I want to come to school.
  • I wish to learn English Very well, Come here.
  • What is your name?
  • My name is George Tip off.
  • How do you spell your last name?
  • Tip off.
  • How old are you?
  • I am twenty one years old.
  • Where do you live?
  • I live on Chestnut Street.
  • What is your nationality?
  • I am Russian.
  • How long have you been in this country?
  • I have been in this country terraria months’Here is your book, Mr. Tipoff.
  •  Mr.Brooks will be your teacher.
  • Go upstairs to room number five.
  • Give this card to Mr. Brooks.
  •  Thank you, sir.
  • Good evening.
  • Is this Mr. Brooks?
  •  Yes, this is Mr. Brooks.
  • Mr. Ones sent me here.
  • I want to come to school.
  • Have you a registration card?
  • Yes, here it is.
  • Sit down.
  • Here is your book, paper, and pencil.
  • Open your book to page eleven.

 

English speaking PDF Download 22 – English speaking Dialogues In Restaurant

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In Restaurant –

  • I am hungry.
  • I haven’t had my breakfast yet.
  • I must eat something.
  • Where do you take your breakfast?
  •  I take my breakfast at the City restaurant.
  • Come with me.
  • Let us have breakfast together.
  • Have you given your order?
  • No, I have not.
  • Let me have some oatmeal and cream, a Cup of coffee, hot rolls, and two fried eggs.
  • What will you have?
  • I would like to have an order of pork chops, a cup of black tea, an orator of griddle cakes, and some doughnuts.
  • Is there anything else you wish to have?
  • No, thank you, unless the other gentleman wishes to have something else.
  •  No, thank you, I have had enough.
  • Has anybody taken your order?
  • No.
  • Give me some milk and crackers, an order of buttered toast, and a cup of coffee.
  • Waiter, bring me a glass of water and a tea­ spoon, please.
  • What time is it?
  • It is almost time for dinner.
  • Do you want to have your dinner with me? Certainly.
  • I will be with you in five minutes.
  • I am ready.
  • Where shall we go?
  • Where do you take your dinner?
  • I usually go to the Dairy Lunch.
  • They serve good food there, and the prices are low, too.
  • Let us go there, then.
  • Waiter, hand me a bill of fare, please.
  • Do you serve a special dinner today? Yes, we do.
  • Here is the special dinner, chicken soup, roast chicken, green peas, coffee or tea, pie and pudding.
  • I don’t think I will have the special dinner.
  • Let me have some vegetable soup, an order of roast beef, baked potatoes, a side of beans, and a cup of coffee.
  • What will you have?
  • I will have some tomato soup, an order of roast lamb, boiled potatoes, and a cup of tea.
  • Bring me some crackers with the soup, too.
  •  This meat is too tough.
  • Will you bring me a tender piece of meat? What will you have for dessert?
  • Have you any raisin pie this noon?
  • We have no raisin pie today.
  • We have apple, chocolate, lemon, orange, custard, cherry, and squash.
  • I will have a piece of lemon pie.
  • Will you have the same kind of pie?
  • No, I will have apple, and a glass of milk.
  • This milk is sour.
  • I would like to have it changed.
  • Do you serve any fruit here?
  • Yes, Sir, we have all kinds of fruits.
  • You will find a list of them on the bill of fare.
  • Let me have an orange and two bananas.
  • What will you have, George?
  • I will have some grapes.
  • Do you serve any drinks here?
  • No, Sir, we serve no drinks here.
  • Do you wish to have anything else?
  • Do you put up lunches to take out?
  •  Yes, we do.
  • What will you have?
  • I would like to have two egg sandwiches, some buttered toast, and a piece of apple pie.
  • How much is it for the two of us?
  •  One dollar and thirty-five cents with the lunch.
  • Please pay to the cashier.
  • Goodbye, George.
  • I shall see you tonight at supper.
  • What time do you take your supper?
  • I take my supper at half past six.

 

English speaking PDF Download 21 – English speaking Dialogues At Railway Station

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking At Railway Station –

  • I am a stranger in this city.
  • I don’t know where I am now.
  • I can’t leave town unless I know where the railroad station is.
  • There is a policeman.
  • I am going to find out from him.
  • Will you please tell me where the depot is? We have three railroad stations in this town.
  • Where do you want to go?
  • I want to go to Boston.
  • You can’t take a train to Boston before four o’clock.
  • You just missed the ten-thirty train.
  • Don’t you have a timetable with you?
  • No, I have no timetable with me.
  • Do you know where I can get one?
  • Let us go to that hotel there, and see if they have one.
  • Oh, I forgot you’ll find the time table in the morning paper.
  • I have a morning paper here.
  • Let us see.
  • Train service from Spring Street station.
  • There is a train for Boston at 6.55 am express at 9.55 am, local at 10.30 am, express at 12.10 pm, local at 4.03 p.m., express for Boston.
  • I think I’ll wait and take the four-three train this afternoon.
  • How can I reach the station from here? Take the Orchard car from here; ask the conductor to give you a transfer for Spring Street.
  • Get off at the corner of High and Spring Streets.
  • Take a Spring Street car, and that will take you to the depot.
  • Thank you very much.
  • Welcome sir.
  • Spring Street station.
  • Here it is.
  • At last I have found it.
  • I have no time to lose.
  • I must buy my ticket, check my trunk, and have something to eat before I go.
  • What time does the next train leave for Boston?
  • At four- three.
  • Let me have one ticket.
  • Three dollars and ten cents.
  • I wonder if my trunk is here.
  • Oh, here it is.I must check it.
  • Check this trunk, please.
  • Where is your ticket?
  • I must weigh that trunk.
  • I think you’ll have to pay excess money for it.
  • It weighs more than the limit.
  • How much more do I have to pay?
  • Twenty cents.
  • Now I can eat something.
  • It is only twenty minutes to four.
  • I have twenty-three minutes more.
  • Information bureau Baggage room Parcel room Track Number 3 Ticket office Passengers are forbid den to stand on this platform for men for women Look out Danger Railroad crossing Look out for the engine Waiting room.
  •  No spitting on the floor When you are at the railroad station, and are in doubt about the arrival and departure of your train, always go and ask someone in the in­ formation bureau about it.
  • Buy your ticket before you check your trunk.
  • When you check your trunk, have your ticket with you.
  • In a large city, when you buy your ticket, al­ ways ask the man in charge of the ticket office for the number of the track on which your train is found.
  • This will save you much trouble.
  • When does the next train leave for New York?
  •  At twelve o’clock.
  •  Is it an express, or a local?
  •  Is it a through train to New York?
  • It is a local.
  • You change at spring field.
  • There is no express train before five o’clock.

 

English speaking PDF Download 20 – English speaking Words In Rail Road

 

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Rail Road –

  • Railroad
  • Railway
  • Car
  • Train
  • Ticket-Office
  • Ticket
  • Time-Table
  • Station
  • Railroad Station
  • Depot
  • The  Railroad
  • Smoking-Room
  • Sleeping-Car
  • Parlor-Car
  • Di11ing-Car
  • Special Train
  • Freight
  • Car
  • Change
  • Conductor
  • Round
  • Trip
  • Excursion
  • Baggage
  • Baggage-Room
  • Luggage
  • Check
  • Parcel-Room
  • Waiting-Room
  • Track
  • Express
  • Local
  • Passenger
  • Signal
  • Engine
  • Smoking-Car
  • Transfer
  • Return Ticket
  • Mileage
  • Trunk
  • Suit-Case
  • Railroad Crossing
  • Danger
  • Look
  •  Out 
  • Leave
  • Stop
  •  Fare
  • Due
  • Late
  • Information

 

English speaking PDF Download 19 – English speaking Dialogues At Post Office

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking At Post Office –

  • Will you please tell me where the General Post Office is?
  • Yes, sir.
  • It is on Chestnut Street between High and Pine Streets.
  • If you want to go by car, the King Street car will take you there in three minutes.
  • Thank you, sir.
  • Register this letter, please.
  • Fifteen cents.
  • Here is your receipt.
  • May I have a special delivery stamp, please? Here is a special delivery stamp for you.
  • Give me a money order blank, please.
  • Do you want a domestic money order, or a foreign?
  •  I want a foreign money order.
  • For what country?
  • For Russia.
  • Here is a money order blank written in Russian.
  • Can you read Russian?
  • I want a domestic money order blank, too.
  • You will find one on the desk.
  • What shall I write on it?
  •  Write your name, the amount of money you are sending, and the name of the Person to whom you are sending the money, with his address.
  • May I have a receipt for this, please? Here is your receipt.
  • As the mailman come yet?
  • No, he has not come.
  • He is a little late today.
  • Oh, here he comes.
  • Ask him if he has a letter for me.
  • Any letter for me?
  • What is your name?
  •  My name is John Smith.
  • Nothing for you today.
  • Is there a letter for George Blacken? Yes, here is a registered letter for him.
  • Where is he now?
  • He is in the house.
  • Do you want me to all him?
  • Yes.
  • He must sign before I give him the letter.
  • There is a registered letter for you in the post office.
  • Is there a registered letter for Brown? Yes, there is one, but you must prove your identity before I give you the letter.
  • Do you know anybody in this city who can identify you?
  • I don’t know anybody.
  • I am a stranger in this city.
  • Here are some old letters addressed to me.
  • You can see my name on the envelope.
  • Very well, sir.
  • This will do.
  • Sign your name here.
  • I want to change my address.
  • Will you give me a blank form?
  • Please forward my letters to this address.
  • Weigh this letter, please.
  • Three cents.
  • Give me one twocent stamp.
  • Give me three twocent stamps.
  •  Give me one fivecent stamp.
  • Give me two onecent stamps.
  • Give me five postal cards.
  • Here is a package for you.
  • Weigh this parcel, please.
  • I want to rent a box for my letters you can get your letters in a box, or you can get them here at the general delivery window.
  • I had better have my letters come to my house.
  • It is too far to go to the post office.
  • Mail these letters for me.
  • Money order department.
  • Registry and stamp department.
  • General delivery.
  • Valuable letters and parcels should be sent by registered mail.
  • Parcel post packages.
  • Postal money order.
  • Domestic money order.
  • Valuable mail should be registered or insured.
  • Receipts showing delivery will be returned to senders of registered mail, if requested at the time of mailing.
  • Postmaster’s office.
  • Postal savings.
  • Carrier’s delivery.

 

English speaking PDF Download 18 – English speaking Words about Human Body

 

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These are various words you can use English Speaking about Human Body –

  • Ankle
  • Arm
  • back
  • Beard
  • Belly
  • blood
  • Bone
  • Brain
  • Cheek
  • chest
  •  Chin
  • Jear
  • Elbow
  • Eye
  • Eye-Brow
  • Eye-Lid
  • Face
  • Feet
  • Finger      
  • Finger-Nail
  • Flesh
  • Foot
  • forehead
  • Gums
  • Hair
  • hand
  • Ohead
  • Heart
  • heel
  • Lhip
  • Intestine
  • Jaw  
  • Joint
  • Knee
  • Knee-Cap
  • leg
  • Limb
  • Lip
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Mouth
  • Mustache
  • Neck
  • Nerve
  • Nostrils    
  • Palm
  • Rib
  • Shoulder
  • Skin
  • stomach
  • Teeth
  • Toe
  • Tongue
  • Tooth
  • Throat
  • Wrist

English speaking PDF Download 17 – English speaking Dialogues In House Part – 2

 

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In House –

  • Shall I pay the rent now?
  • Yes, please.
  • I like to have the rent paid in advance.
  • Thank you.
  • May I know what your name is?
  • My name is George Brett.
  • I work in the Olivet shoefactory.
  • Good morning, George.
  • I want to rent a house, and I don’t know where to look for it.
  • Do you know of anyone who wants to let a house?
  •  Do you want to rent a whole house, or a floor?
  • Well, I don’t know yet.
  • I would like to rent a whole house if I can, but, of course, I may have to rent a flat.
  • I don’t know of anyone who wants to rent a house now but we can look in today’s paper and see if we can find one.
  •  Sometimes you find a good house through the paper.
  • Here is the advertisement page to let
  • Here is a tenement of five root son Chapel Street.
  • Another one of four rooms on Spring Street.
  • There is another tenement of seven rooms on Spruce Street.
  • Do you like any one of these?
  • The tenement on Spring Street ought to be a good one, I don’t like that.
  • It is too small.
  • We are a family of six, and need a large house.
  • The tenement on Spruce Street may be a good one.
  • I like the location, too.
  • I will go and see it.
  • Good­ bye, George.
  • Thank you for your help.
  • Is this the landlady?
  • Yes, this is Mrs. Brown, the landlady.
  • I saw in the paper that you wish to rent a tenement in this house.
  •  Yes, I have a tenement here.
  • Come right in, and let us go up and see it.
  • There are seven rooms in all, a diningroom, a parlor, three bed­ rooms, a bathroom and a kitchen.
  • You have all the conveniences here.
  • Electric lights, steam heat, hot water, hardwood floors, bath, window­ shades, a large shed in the yard, and you can use part of the cellar if you wish.
  • Every room is clean, free of bedbugs, and well lighted.
  • How much do you charge for rent?
  • The rent is eighteen dollars a month; Very well, Mrs. Brown.
  • This tenement suits me.
  • When can I move in?
  • You can move any time tomorrow.
  • The rooms will be ready this afternoon.
  • What is the arrangement about the rent?
  •  The rent must be paid in advance on the first day of every month.
  • You can pay now or you may pay when you move in tomorrow.
  • I have not enough money with me to pay you today, but I will pay you tomorrow.

 

English speaking PDF Download 16 – English speaking Dialogues In House Part -1

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In House –

  • Will you please tell me where I can find the janitor?
  • Yes, he lives upstairs on the second floor.
  • His name is Mr. Cook.
  • Good afternoon.
  • Is this Mr. Cook?
  •  Yes, this is Mr. Cook.
  • I read in today’s paper that you have some furnished rooms to rent.
  • May I see them?
  • Yes, come right in.
  • This is one of the rooms.
  • We charge for these two and a half dollars a week.
  • It is a front room and well furnished.
  • Let me show you the other room.
  • This is one dollar and seventy five cents a week.
  • It isn’t a front room, but you get the sun all the after­ noon, and you have just as many conveniences as in the other room.
  • How is the room heated?
  • There is no steam heat on this floor, but you can heat the room with gas.
  • Have you any rooms to let on the first floor?
  •  Yes, I have one, but I am afraid the rent will be too high for you.
  • Will you please let me?
  • See the room on the first floor?
  • Come, we will go downstairs to see it.
  • This is the room.
  • The rent is three dollars and twentyfive cents a week, but you have the use of the parlor.
  • You can receive visitors in the parlor.
  • You have the use of the piano and of the telephone.
  • Here is a closet for your clothes.
  • How is the room lighted?
  • It is lighted with electricity, and is heated with steam heat.
  • Do you think you can afford to pay three dollars and twentyfive cents for your room?
  • The room is large enough for two.
  •  If you c n get one of your friends to room with you, the rent will not be so high.
  • How much do you charge when two persons have the room?
  • The rent for two is four dollars.
  • If I can find someone else to room with me, I will have this room, but if I can’t find anybody, I am afraid I shall have to look around for another room.
  • Would you like to have a room on the third floor?
  •  I have one room that you can have for one dollar and twentyfive cents.
  • It isn’t a very large room, but it is pleasant and comfortable.
  • Let me see the room, please.
  • Here it is.
  • It is not fixed yet, but I shall have it ready by this afternoon.
  • I have to bring in the furniture from downstairs.
  • There are no electric lights in this room.
  • You have to use a lamp.
  • You heat the room with gas.
  • Can you give me a double bed?
  •  I cannot sleep in a single bed.
  • I haven’t any other bed now, but if you wait a day or two, I can give you a double one.
  • I would like to have one more pillow, a bureau, two windowshades, and a blanket.
  • Very well, I will have them ready this afternoon.
  • Here is the key to the room.
  • This key here opens the front door downstairs.

 

English speaking PDF Download 13 – English speaking Words In Fruit Store

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Fruit Store –

  • Cake     
  • LemonPie  
  • Apple Pie
  •  Orange  Pie     
  • Pear
  •  Cream 
  • Cake     
  • Cherty Pie
  • Peach
  • Apple  Pie
  • Pineapple Pie
  • Grape
  • Cream  Pie        
  • Strawberry Pie  
  • Grape 
  • Fruit Mince Pie    
  • Water-Melon
  • Raisin  Pie      
  • Blackberry Pie
  •  Cantaloupe
  • Squash  Pie     
  • Pudding          
  •  Plum Pumpkin Pie     
  • Jelly            
  • Strawberry Custard Pie      
  • Banana           
  •  Pineapple Chocolate Pie
  • Orange            
  • Date
  • Cocoanut  pie,
  •  Walnut             
  • Nut

 

English speaking PDF Download 12 – English speaking Words In Drug Store

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These are various Words you can use English Speaking In Drug Store –

  • Antidote
  • Bandage
  • Spirit
  • Chloroform
  • Camphor
  • Quinine
  • Pills
  • Prescription
  • Prescribe
  • Operation
  • Plaster
  • Ointment
  • Ether
  • Gargle
  • Tooth-Powder
  • Soap
  • Razor
  • Razor
  •  Strap
  • Comb
  • Absorbent
  • Cotton
  • Alcohol
  • Ammonia
  • Benzine 
  •  Capsule
  • Cod-Liver 
  • Oil
  • Cold Cream
  • Cotton
  • Crutches
  • Internal
  • Use
  • Tablespoonful
  • Teaspoonful
  •  Glycerine
  • Gum
  • Liquid
  • Headache
  • Hospital
  • Hot-Water
  • Bottle
  •  Oil
  • Perfume
  •  Pharmacy
  • Pimple
  • Poison
  • Castor-Oil
  • Cathartic
  • Bleeding
  • Vaccinate
  • Blister
  • Brush
  • Tooth-Brush
  • Medicine
  • Dandruff
  • Directions
  • Bottle
  • Dose
  • Drug
  • Earache
  • External
  • Use
  •  Sterilize
  • Tonic
  • Treatment
  • Use
  • Witch-Hazel
  • Epsom 
  • Salts
  • Doctor 

 

English speaking PDF Download 11 – English speaking Words In Doctor Clinic

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Doctor Clinic-

  • Ache                             
  •  Dislocation
  • Amputation                     
  • Doctor
  • Apoplexy                        
  • Dumb
  • Appendicitis                   
  • Dyspepsia
  • Appetite                        
  • Earache
  • Bleed                              
  • Faint
  • Blind                            
  •  Fee
  • Blood                           
  • Fever
  • Boil                              
  • Fracture
  • Bowels                         
  • Grippe
  • Bronchitis                     
  • Headache
  • Heart-Disease
  • Catarrh                         
  • Heal
  • Cold                             
  • Hospital
  • Corn                             
  • Hump-Back
  • Constipation                   
  • Consumption                
  • Illness
  • Contagious                    
  • Infect
  • Cough                           
  • Inflammation
  • Cure                              
  • Insane
  • Cut                                
  • Itch
  • Deaf                              
  • Lame
  • Diarrhoea                     
  • Leper
  • Diet                              
  • Madness
  • Diphtheria
  • Disease
  • Nose-Bleed
  • Nurse
  • Pain
  • Paralysis
  • Pimple
  • Pleurisy
  • Pneumonia
  • Poisoning
  • Prescribe
  • Prescription
  • Pulse
  • Rheumatism
  • Scarlet 
  • Fever
  • Measles
  • Nerve
  • Short-Sightedness
  • Sick
  • Sickness
  • Smallpox
  • Sore
  • Throat
  • Stammering
  • Stomach-Ache
  • Swelling
  • Tuber
  • Culosis
  • Typhoid
  • Fever
  • Visit

English speaking PDF Download 10 – English speaking Dialogues In Grocery Store

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In Grocery Store –

  • What are we going to have for supper, John?
  • I don’t know.
  • There isn’t a thing in the house.
  • We must buy something for tomorrow.
  • Telephone to the grocer to send us half a dozen eggs, a can of tomatoes, and a loaf of bread.
  • We’ll fry some eggs for supper.
  • Later I am going out to buy something for tomorrow.
  • You had better go now, because the store closes at six.
  • I am going as soon as I get ready.
  • The store does not close at six tonight.
  • Tomorrow is Sunday.
  • What do you have for meats today? Here is our special list for today: Leg of lamb
  • Lamb chops Native fowl Veal roasts Beef to roast Corned beef Hamburg steak Pig sausage Boiled ham Sirloin steak Native pork roast Fares of spring lamb, stew Bean pork Sliced bacon
  • I’ll have a pound of corned beef, and half a pound of boiled ham.
  • Do you keep fresh eggs here?
  • Yes, we do.
  • They are strictly fresh.
  • How much are they a dozen?
  • Twentysix cents a dozen; I also want some fish.
  • We have fresh mackerel, halibut, and salmon.
  • How much are they a pound?
  • Salmon fifteen cents a pound; mackerel eight cents a pound, and halibut” thirteen cents a pound.
  • Let me have a pound of mackerel, a pound of cheese, half a poured of butter, four pounds of rice, and one can of pork and beans.
  • Is there anything else you wish to have? I would like to buy many other things, but I can’t carry them home.
  • You buy what you want, and we’ll put them in a basket and send them to you before we close tonight.
  • Let me have three pounds of sugar, two boxes of matches, one pound of tea, one pound of coffee, two cans of condensed milk, one package of corn starch, half a pound of lard, a bag of flour, two loaves of bread, one gallon of kerosene oil, and three bars of soap.
  • To what address shall I send them? Send them to 42 Court Street.
  • What kind of pies do you have?
  • We have apple, cream, mince, raisin, squash, custard, chocolate, lemon, orange, cherry, pine­ apple, strawberry, and blueberry.

 

English speaking PDF Download 9 – English speaking Words In Grocery Store

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English Speaking Words In Grocery Store


These are various words you can use English Speaking In Grocery Store –

  • Grocer     
  • Milk
  • Market      
  • Sardines
  • Pint    
  • Fish
  • Quart
  • Beans
  • Gallon     
  • Beef
  • Pound        
  • Steak
  • Inch   
  • Veal
  • Foot   
  • Pork
  • Yard  
  • Chops
  • Ounce      
  • Lamb
  • Weight    
  • Mutton
  • Measure  
  • Leg
  • Penny
  • Chicken
  • Cent     
  • Turkey
  • Dime 
  • Sausage 
  • Nickel       
  • Baker
  • Quarter     
  • Bakery
  • Dollar
  • White Bread
  • Can    
  • Brown  Bread
  • Bag    
  • Cake
  • Bread Pie
  • Loaf   
  • Biscuit
  • Salt
  • Pepper
  • Canned 
  • Tomatoes
  • Sugar
  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Cocoa
  • Butter
  • Lard
  • Cheese
  • Soap
  • Powder
  • Flour
  • VinegarOil
  • Olive-Oil
  • Kerosene  Oil
  • Olives
  • Eggs
  • Fresh
  • Stale
  • Catsup
  • Rice
  •  Onions
  • Ham
  • Bacon
  • Salmon
  • Mustard
  • Crackers
  • Condensed
  • Milk
  • Grease
  • Rolls
  • Doughnuts
  • Dry
  • Soft
  • Oysters
  • Match
  • Coal

 

English speaking PDF Download 8 – English speaking Dialogues In Dental Clinic

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These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In Dental Clinic –

  • Is this the dentist’s office.
  • Yes, sir
  • Walk right in
  • Take a chair
  • The doctor will be in a moment.
  •  Please let me see him at once.
  • I have a terrible toothache.
  • I can’t stand it any longer.
  • Wait, I will see if the doctor is busy.
  • How do you do, doctor?
  • I wish to have a tooth pulled.
  • It pains me terribly.
  • I could not sleep at all last night.
  • Sit down and let me look at it.
  • Which one is it?
  •  This one?
  • No, the next one.
  • Is it the one that has the cavity?
  • Yes, that’s the one.
  • All right.
  • Do you want to take gas?
  •  No, I can stand the pain for a second.
  • Rinse out your mouth.
  • I also wish to have a tooth filled.
  • What kind of filling do you want?
  • You can have it filled with gold, silver, or cement.
  • Gold filling will last you longer.
  • How much will it cost?
  • It will cost you three dollars.
  • You see, I have to kill the nerve first, and then fill the tooth.
  • I cannot stop now.
  • Can I make an appointment with you?
  •  Yes, when can you come?
  • I can come any time tomorrow forenoon.
  • All right, then you may come at nine o’clock.
  • I wish to have my teeth cleaned.
  • How much do you charge for cleaning teeth?
  • One dollar for cleaning teeth.
  •  Where are you going, John?
  • I am going to the dentist.
  • I must have a crown put on my tooth.
  • Let me see it.
  • It is of no use to have a crown on that tooth.
  • It is decayed.
  • The thing you need is a Set of teeth, or you can have a false tooth put in the place of that decayed one.
  • I don’t know what to do.
  • I think I will ask the doctor about it.

 

English speaking PDF Download 7 – English speaking Words In Dental Clinic

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Dental Clinic –

  • Appointment
  • Blood
  • Bridge 
  • Work
  • Cavity
  • Cement
  • Crown
  • Decay
  • Dentist
  • False
  • Fill
  • Gas
  • Gold
  • Toothache
  • Gum
  • Hurt
  • Nerve
  • Pain
  • Plate
  • Root
  • Set
  • Silver
  • Teeth
  • Tooth

 

English speaking PDF Download 6 – English speaking Dialogues In Clothing Store Part – 2

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Watch this video about Dialogues in Clothing Store Part 2

These are various Dialogues you can use English Speaking In Clothing Store –

  • What size shirt do you wear?
  • Fifteen.
  • Do you want something white?
  • Yes, I want it.
  • Plain white.
  • What kind of collar do you want?
  •  Quite high, and closed in front.
  • What size collar do you wear?
  •  Fifteen and a half.
  • I also want a hat.
  • Do you like a derby, a soft hat, a cap or a straw hat?
  •  I would like to have a derby.
  • Here is a hat that is used very much this season.
  • I don’t like this hat.
  • The brim is too wide.
  • Here is another one, with a narrow brim.
  • I like this better.
  • What size is it?
  • Six and seven-eighths.
  • What is the price of this hat?
  •  Two dollars.
  • Put this with my suit, and I’ll call for it this afternoon.
  • Is there anything else you wish to have?
  • No, nothing for the present.
  • Probably your friend wants something.
  • I would like to have a suit made to order.
  • Have you any good cloth to show me?
  •  Yes, we have all kinds of new patterns.
  • They came in this morning.
  • You are the first one to look them over.
  • Here is a cloth that will make a good spring suit.
  • It is of light color, and light in weight.
  • Do you have something darker than this? Here are some other colors.
  • Here is a brown cloth, and here is a grey.
  • I don’t like the brown.
  • It is too thick.
  • I want something lighter.
  • I like this grey cloth pretty well.
  • Take my measure.
  • I think I’ll have a suit made of this stuff.
  • How much will it cost, coat, vest and pants? Twenty-five dollars.
  • I don’t want the trousers too long.
  • How wide would you like to have your trousers?
  •  I don’t want them very narrow.
  • Make them the same width as those I have on.
  • How long do you want your coat?
  •  About one inch shorter than the one I have on.
  • How many buttons will you have on your coat?
  •  Three.
  • What kind of lining do you wish to have in your coat?
  • Here are two colors, a brown and a grey.
  • I think the grey goes better with the grey cloth.
  • Yes, sir, we’ll use the grey lining.
  • How much money do you want for deposit? Five dollars.
  • When will you have the suit ready?
  •  It will be ready two weeks from today.
  • Come in a week from to-morrow to try the coat on.
  • Is there something else you would like to have?
  •  I would like to have a half dozen hand kerchiefs, a pair of garters, a necktie, a pair of stockings, and two towels.
  • Put them all together in one bundle.
  • Good-bye.
  • Be sure and come in a week from to-morrow to try the coat on.

 

English speaking PDF Download 4 – English speaking Words In Clothing Store

 

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In Clothing Store –

  • Suit
  • Cloth
  • Clothes
  • Tailor
  • Order
  • Overcoat
  • Coat
  • Trousers
  • Pants
  • Vest
  • Raincoat
  • Hat
  • Cap
  • Shirt 
  • Collar
  • Underwear
  • Drawers
  • Apron
  • Button
  • Button-Hole
  • Collar-Button
  • Cuff-Button Belt
  • Gloves Sleeve
  • Pocket-Book
  • Towel
  • Napkin
  • Umbrella
  • Parasol
  • Dark  Color
  • Light  Color
  • Black
  • White
  • Red
  • Brown
  • Green
  • Gray
  • Purple
  • Orange
  • Yellow
  • Blue
  • Shirt-Front
  • Dress
  • Sheet
  • Pillow
  • Pillow-Case
  • Curtain
  • Mark  Down 
  • Sale
  • Clearance Sale
  • Traveling-Bag
  • Suit-Case
  •  Lining
  • Handkerchief
  • Neck-Tie
  • Suspenders
  • Pocket
  • Jacket
  • Cotton
  • Wool
  • Silk
  • Linen
  • Velvet
  • Purse
  • Shawl
  • Muff
  • Sweater
  • Night-Shirt
  • Rubber-Coat
  • Short
  • Long
  • Wide
  • Tight
  • Narrow
  • Thick
  • Thin
  • Light
  • Heavy

 

English speaking PDF Download 3 – English speaking Words In The City

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These are various words you can use English Speaking In The City –

  • Town
  • Cemetery
  • Monument
  • Market
  • Hospital
  • Lodging
  • Restaurant
  • Garden
  • Train
  • Steamboat
  • Automobile
  • Stage
  • Coach
  • Cab
  • Car
  • Omnibus
  • Zoological Garden
  • Bridge
  • Mint
  • Public
  • Bath
  • Young Men’s Christian
  • Association
  • Young Women’s Chris-
  • Tia
  • Association
  • Club
  • Lodge
  • Moving
  • Pictures
  • Opera
  • Public Garden
  • Fire
  • Alarm
  • Street
  • Car